To begin, the North Vietnamese communist represented a new wave of Vietnamese nationalists and freedom fighters. Since the earliest days of French colonial occupation, the Vietnamese people had struggled to free themselves from Western oppression. As a result, prominent leaders such as Ho Chi Minh had inherited and adopted the spirit of nationalism from earlier leaders such as Phan Chu Trinh and Phan Boi Chau...
The war in Vietnam began as a civil war which dated back long into Vietnamese history. Although it was a communist revolution, it was first and foremost a people’s war, in which the people of South Vietnam were revolting against the right-wing dictatorship of their government. The Vietnam War was the second of the two Indochina Wars, where the first was fought and lost by France. American intervention, because of the policy of containing communism, had already begun during the First Indochina War, under President Eisenhower. Although Eisenhower had refused to commit US troops to the war, he supplied military support to the French. And when they lost the war, he continued to supply aid to the anti-communist government in Saigon, the capital of the South Vietnam. The end of the First Indochina War resulted in the Geneva Conference of 1954 between France and the Viet Minh, who decided to split Vietnam in to the communist North and the pro-western South. This therefore recognised North Vietnam, known as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV), as an independent state. However, an insurgency in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), led by the National Liberation Front (...
When Vietnamese revolutionary Ho Chi Minh and his political organization, the Vietminh, seized control of their independence from France United States Politicians saw it as another communist take over. When really Ho was more a nationalist than a communist. All Minh wanted was for the United States to recognize its independence from France and to send aid to help it reach its nationalistic goals. "Before the Cold War Ho and the Vietmin...
Imagine playing in the NCAA National Championship game in front of 50,000 people and millions of others watching via their televisions at home. After an intensely fought game the final score indicates that a loss was suffered. Hopes and dreams of winning a National Championship are gone and one can only contemplate what could have gone the other way and what may be in store for next season on the journey home. Once arriving to campus the cheers and mass distributions of congrats are heard by those in the surrounding society for the effort and hard work exhibited by the players on the team. Although defeat was endured, positivity still lingered amongst the community.
Thus far the Vietnam War has shown to be a highly complex situation. Many of times, I have found myself agreeing with Lyndon B. John’s decisions to escalate the war. First and foremost, the United States had made a promise of freedom and tranquility to the people (whom were not part of Viet-Cong) of Vietnam. As an American, it is my opinion that the United States had to uphold its word, essentially its credibility. Secondly, withdrawing troops from Vietnam when the situation was really out of control would make the United States appear weak. In midst of the Cold War, the one thing that was not going to prove true was that the United States was weak. Although these reasons were and are valid, the anti-war movement in conjunction with the Tet offensive required President Johnson to make a decision that changed the perception of the war; he chose to call a halt on the bombardment in Vietnam. The purpose of this essay is to further analyze how the continuing anti-war movement and the Tet Offensive were the reasons that “America’s fate was effectively sealed by mid-1968.”
The Vietnam War was marked by brutality, death, protests, and psychological tolls. No war caused such great division among the American people like the Vietnam War. The war was extremely costly, and it left long-term effects on people all over the world. As a whole, the American people agree that the Vietnam War was a waste of time, money, and life.
The Vietnam War has gone down in United Sates history as one of the longest conflicts the country has faced. This prolonged war was not only costly in economic standards but also in American lives. In a time when the cold war turned hot disputes erupted in the various areas in Vietnam. Along with its southern allies, otherwise known as the Viet Cong, Northern Vietnam raged war against South Vietnam. With its main ally, the United States continued to fight to “save” South Vietnam from turning into an entirely communist country. While the war continued it became increasingly unpopular in the United States. With media advancing and increasing, the people of the United States could comprehend the war in ways never seen before.
Vietnam in 1954 was a country that had nationalism flowing in their veins after the decades of being under French and for a short time the Japanese rule. All the Vietnamese wanted was to be its own country. The North started fighting back the French and did whatever they could to take back their homeland. The French were beginning to feel this under the numerous attacks the Vietnamese started against them. A number of nations met to determine how the French could peacefully withdraw. The Geneva Accords came from the meetings and a cease fire was initiated. The French left and their was a temporary division along the 17th parallel. A democratic election was to be held in 1956 that would reunite the country under one government. Inevitably though since Ho Chi Minh wanted to be a democratic communist country it didn’t seem to be in the best interest of the United States.
...e Vietnam war rages on. Bloodshed and military advances ground to a halt decades ago, but the real battle lies in creating a Vietnam that can lift itself out of poverty. The war succeeded more in pushing the country deeper into communism than pulling it out. But the outcome is a forgone conclusion: an ideology that no longer fits with the times will not stand. Ask Mother Russia.
In October of 1965 the monthly draft numbers were increased dramatically from 3 000 per month to 33 000 a month and this brought about the first protests. Some lucky men had the necessary ‘pull’ to be able to ‘draft-dodge’ but that wasn’t a luxury the average working class men had available to them. Tearing up or burning your draft paper then became a common occurrence and it was seen to be the first protest against the Vietnam War.
As Ho Chi Minh was preparing for the independence movement in his country Vietnam in the year 1941, it a...
In the same vein, Zinoman in his forthcomong article, Nhân Văn–Giai Phẩm and Vietnamese “Reform Communism” during the 1950s: A Revisionist Interpretation, challenge a well established view about a NVGP movement, a surge of domestic political protest that peaked in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam during 1956 that takes its name from two incendiary journals – Nhân Văn [humanity] and Giai Phẩm [masterworks]. He points out that foreign scholars and local intellectuals who interested in NVGP affair succeed “in conveying a plausible image of NVGP as a robust movement of political dissent against the party-state” (Zinoman forthcoming 2011, 3). He argues that it caused from their narrow study upon a most dramatic statements of opposition of NVGP and failure to analyze, in any depth, the content of NVGP’s published writing (Zinoman forthcoming 2011, 4).
Ho Chi Minh, a communist revolutionary, chose to model his version of the Declaration of Independence to that of the U.S.’s. The founder of the Vietnamese movement for independence believed that the U.S. Declaration of Independence accurately represents the Vietnamese people and their struggles for political and economic autonomy. In this way, he hoped to gain support from the U.S.’s understanding of freedom and make a clear statement towards their abusers. In the beginning of Ho Chi Minh’s Declaration of Independence, he noted the similarities between the U.S. and Vietnam (Minh, 247). Both were restricted in terms of freedom by a greater power, they have experienced numerous abuses by those powers, and so forth. Minh hoped that the U.S. government
James A. Baldwin once said, “The most dangerous creation of any society is the man who has nothing to lose” (BrainyQuote.com). In the 1960s, “the man” was youth across the country. The Vietnam war was in full force, and students across the country were in an outrage. Society needed an excuse to rebel against the boring and safe way of life they were used to; Vietnam gave them the excuse they needed. Teenagers from different universities came together and formed various organizations that protested the Vietnam war for many reasons. These reasons included protesting weapons and different tactics used in the war, and the reason the U.S. entered the war in the first place. These get-togethers had such a monumental impact on their way of life that it was famously named the Anti-War Movement. When the Vietnam War ended, The United States did not have a real concrete reason why; there were a bunch of theories about why the war ended. Through negative media attention and rebellious youth culture, the Anti-War Movement made a monumental impact in the ending of the Vietnam War.
When Ho Chi Minh declared independence in Hanoi on September 2, 1945, Bui Tin perceived him as “a symbol of heroism for the people,”, his perspective can be deemed as reliable due to his proximity to the events of the August Revolution. This highlights Ho Chi Minh’s success in gaining support from the Vietnamese and his diplomacies with China and Russia as it shows he was a key figure towards independence. However, the struggle for independence is implicated in October 1945, with the French refusal to the declaration. Ho Chi Minh attempted to negotiate but the French launched an attack on the Port of Haiphong in November 1946 which was the catalyst to the Indochinese war (1946-1954). By the end of 1945, approximately 20% of the Vietnamese died from famine caused by the Japanese and led to short-lived independence. Perspective needs to be taken into consideration when looking at Ho Chi Minh’s ideologies in his letter to Truman, as it supposes that he could have had genuine relations with the US, but the US had a long hate with China and Russia as they were both communists. It is arguable that Ho Chi Minh’s request for help may have been his political agenda to gain international support. Nationalism was at the heart of it, to fight the French they needed nationalism so the Vietminh seized bases in Laos and Cambodia for liberation. This is underpinned by source A as Ho Chi Minh’s long-term goals were working together and building up a strong union, inclusive of all people. It depicts his strive for negotiation as opposed to war, however, the audience needs to be considered as he may have said these things to manipulate people and contain his plans. These notions are supported by his own words: “win small gains by communism, large gains by nationalism” which emphasise the importance of nationalism in the freeing of the