The Possibility of China and India Become a New Global Power

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‘On the basis of the actual and predicted development of China and India, critically discuss their chances to emerge as a new global power’ The simultaneous rising in China and India as a great power now aroused extensive attention. It has been regard as a fundamental change in geo-economics and geopolitics in the 21st century. Given the rising of international status and potential leading role of China and India in international affairs seemingly indicates an irreversible trend for emerging countries gradually replacing established powers, for instance, Western Europe and Russia. By assessing national economic growing, political strategy, technology development, military capacity and ethnic culture, it will accurately display the possibility of China and India becoming a new global power in the future. 1. The ‘Rise of China’ Western country labeled China as a ‘nascent superpower’ because of its decisive political position in Eurasia and its world second largest economy. However, the primarily precondition of China rising strength is attributed to its advantageous geographical location, a relatively stable region. China sits in Eastern Asia, and it covers roughly 9,600,000 sq.km, lived with approximately 1.35billion people. China borders 17 countries with total 22,117 km land boundaries and 14,500 km coastline (The world fact book, 2013). China was the biggest allies of the Soviet Union for the historical reason that both countries were the communist society, thus China defended its sovereignty supported by the Soviet Union through the Korean War, Sino-Indian War and Sino-Vietnamese War between 1950s and 1980s. During the cold war, the establishment of Sino-US diplomatic relations provided a great opportunity for Chinese people em... ... middle of paper ... ...ing discriminatory policies. Besides, some internal affairs, like disparate national development, environment deterioration, treatment of ethnic minorities will threaten national security and future development. To address the far too optimistic situation, China’s government with its centralization of authority has decided to further deepen internal reform as well as grant low tariff treatment for relaxing international relations. A long-term strategy prepared China to become a global superpower by accelerating the increase of comprehensive national strength in next few decades. In conclusion, China and India have many similarities both in advantages and disadvantages. Both countries are trying to become a regional superpower in short period and possibly to become a global superpower with the improvement of international political and economic status in the future.

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