The sociological approach looks at religious belief and practice in relation to the society. Sociologists are interested in two themes, the centrality of religion in society and the diversity of forms it inhabits (Hamilton 1995/2001:1). It regards religion as a social fact subject to empirical observation, which produces empirical evidence (Dillon 2003:7). The sociology of religion is a product of the enlightenment, from which it inherited a tendency to dismiss religion as incompatible with rationality (Dillon 2003:6). This dismissal has had significant impact on the attitude towards religion and it is the basis for the most influential paradigm in the history of the field; secularisation.
Influence of Religion on Political Decisions in the Public Sphere A religion can refer to a specific cultural system of beliefs, which establishes symbols that relate humanity to moral values and spirituality. Religions in most instances draw humanity to the worship and total reliance of a deity (Vries 46). Religions are designed under a set of traditions, symbols, narratives, and sacred histories which attempts to give life its meaning. Religion once viewed as an indoor deity-worship activity; has since moved to the open public sphere, where it airs out its demands and expects the states to abide by them. Many of the governments decisions are greatly influenced by religious groups who lobby and protest incase policies unfavorable policies are enacted.
76 Issue 2. The glaring word of chauvinism is brought up in this article of science and religion. The author brings in the disparity of that institution flex their muscle on their views. The article goes through the heaviness of history with this mindset and the problem of think through the constructions of theories with the stubbornness of one way is the only way. The article also goes through the illusions of naturalist and the tension of reductionism.
Marx Weber, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim Ordinarily, religion is one of the rationales of social orientations, that in one way or another influences the society’s social stability. This is because religion is the impelling force for regulations in the society as well as a destabilizing drive for transformation. Marx Weber together with Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim were very influential personalities in the course of the 19th century, and even now. In one way or another, these persons attempted to make plain as well as comprehensible social change, particularly in the aspect of religion in the society. Their perspectives on religion differ on some aspects.
When beginning to look at religions and cultures and their intertwining effect on each other, you can see that a religion shapes society, and equally society shapes religion. When comparing the theories of two popular anthropologists, Durkheim and Geertz, I believe that Geertz’s theory is more realistic and reliable than Durkheim’s theory. Durkheim’s theory says that religion is a joined community effort that brings people together like a social glue, and uses the definitions of the sacred and profane to distinguish what makes things religious. On the other side, Geertz’s theory holds that religion is a cultural organization, and showed that religion and society can have an impact on each other, and religion is a set symbols of that promote an emotional response, ultimate meaning, ordering of the world, and marks a special status in one’s life. When examining both theories I saw that Geertz’s theory challenges Durkheim’s theory in the definitions of the sacred and profane, Durkheim’s view of religion as a social glue of society, and Durkheim’s neglection of the individual’s use of religion impacting society.
I believe that neither James nor Broad are completely correct and rather the epistemic value of religious experiences lies somewhere in between their views. C.D. Broad approach to the idea of religious experience is not far off from the views of others, where he believes that when a person goes through such an event, they feel the presence of the higher power such as G-d, or Jesus or Muhammad or whatever that higher being may be. Broad does state, however, that there is some degree skepticism is required when talking to other people about religious experiences, especially those who have never had the experience before. Broad says “when persons without religious experience regard themselves as being on the ground superior to those who have it, their attitude must be treated merely silly and offensive (Broad 121)”.
Print Joselit, Jenna Weissman . Parade of Faiths : Immigration and American Religion. Cary, NC, USA : Oxford University Press, USA , 2007. Print. Treviño, Roberto R. "Race and Ethnicity."
Sadly, other religious actions provide reasons for concern and limited protection. Policy to support religious tolerance should focus on stopping the forceful or violent spread of ideas, while recognizing the value that religion brings to life. Indeed, even in a contemporary, increasingly globalized world that prides itself on its greater open-mindedness and empathy, there are ironies in the attitudes of supposedly tolerant people with regards to religion; religious liberty and tolerance are not guaranteed foundations in the current workings of society though their principles have been validated as human rights (Bardwell 1). John Locke, a 17th century philosopher of the Enlightenment, started a revolution in the philosophy behind the relationship of religion and government that set the stage for the religious tolerance that is the model for so many countries today (Conkle 1757). His beliefs rest on two main arguments: one religious-moral, the other political-pragmatic (Conkle 1759).
Religion in modern Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cotter, C. R. 2012. George Chryssides on the Insider/Outsider Problem. The Religious Studies Project.
The considerations show that there is no simple answer to the question of the truth of religion in general or in particular. As it turns out the answer requires some relativizations, among others to the notion of truth and of religion. The notions of true religion and credibility of religion, though at first sight distinct, seem to condition each other. The notion of the truth of religion can be a valuable instrument of interpretation of religious phenomena not only in philosophy and theology of religion, but in the social sciences of religion too. Introductory remarks Justification of a religious point of view usually consists in attempts to prove that some particular religion is true.