Although this issue appears to be out of control due to our consumerist and wasteful society, management and preventative options have been explored. Marine plastic pollution represents a “fundamental market failure” (Ocean Conservancy as cited in Tibbets 2016, p.93). Prevention needs to begin with a societal shift towards less consumerism and greater reusing and recycling. Continuing, producing companies need to have greater responsibility for plastic and plastic-adjacent waste they create. A fine example of this is Extended Producer Responsibility, a scheme implemented in some European nations (Tibbets 2015).
Written report – positive & negative impacts of cruise ship tourism in Tauranga. In 2013-14 Tauranga had 83 voyage calls, 25 vessels entering with 83 port days in total. They also had 100 unique passengers and 149,000 passenger port days. Tauranga has established itself as a go-to destination for cruise passengers, with its natural beauty and friendly locals it is not hard to see why. Over the years, Tauranga’s cruise tourism has changed from the 2013-14 statistics, the amount of voyage calls this year has gone down but the amount of unique passengers has gone up to 160,100.
(2015, January 5). Murky waters: The hidden environmental impacts of your cruise. The Guardian . Bruce Watson (2015) discussed the impact of cruise shipping on the environment. In his article Watson stressed the negative effects of cruise ships on the environment, as oppose to the positive impact it has on a country’s economy as discussed earlier.
The Fourth IPCC Assessment Report shows high confidence that the world is warming. Small island countries, developing countries and Least Developed countries remain most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For countries like the Marshall Island, with atoll islands situated just a few meters high from sea level, any uncontrolled sea-level rise has the potential to submerge land areas. Furthermore, climate change impacts could include increased tropical cyclone activities and coastal erosion. Coral bleaching and ocean acidification due to warming also have the potential to affect tourism, fisheries and agriculture, and the ability of the corals to regenerate.
(pp.9-10) The pollution of the sea by sewage, overcrowding of beaches, removal of coral reefs and deforestation are the ways in which the environment is being affected by tourism. Hence, the need for environmental awareness in Jamaica as the impact is a major concern to the country. Although it is damaging the environment, it brings economic benefits. Some habitats such as coastal, limestone forest and mountains are some that are affected and causing some of the Jamaican species to become endangered. The solution to this is the Wildlife Conservation Acts (1945) which is to protect the flora and fauna of Jamaica.
There are diverse kinds of environmental issues that Thailand faces which is also affecting the tourism significantly (Sharpley, & Telfer, 2014). The major environmental issues affecting the country are water pollution from organic and factory wastes; and air pollution from vehicle emissions. The water pollution from organic and factory wastes are a serious issue for the tourism industry residing in Thailand. KanlayanasuKho, Ritchie, & Campiranon, (2014) state that the coastal areas biodiversity and marine life numbers have reduced significantly because of the overfishing and the garbage that is released in the water. The garbage usually starts from shrimp farms and agriculture areas owing to which it travels into the seas which also affects the marine life.
On the other hand, uncontrolled tourism development can lead to very sad impacts. There are three main impacts of tourism such as environmental impacts, socio-cultural impacts and economic impact. I would like to write about environmental impacts. I know, that a lot of people would think about environmental impact like about something boring. I think that it’s interesting but what’s more important is that it’s play a very big role in our life.
This could convince people to come and visit Melbourne and would also be a major tourism boost. Approximately $23.8 million has been spent overhauling the park and upgrading the Lake side track. They built better fences and barricades to help protect spectators in case of a crash, and the track is said to be the safest and finest in the world, creating a benchmark for Albert Park. Temporary seating will cater for 150,000 people, and there was approximately an attendance of 400,000 over the four days. 9,000 part-time jobs and 1,000 full-time jobs were created over the weekend.
According to the agenda 21, these are the three factors shown in Figure 2.0 which are vital for the country population. Economic responsibilities The tourism industry has been very strong despite many challenges like economic crisis, safety & security issue and others. Demand for international remained strong for the year 2016. International tourist arrivals grew by 3.9% to reach a total of 1,235 million, according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. Some 46 million more tourists (overnight visitors) travelled internationally last year compared to 2015. (World Tourism Organisation UNWTO Press Release PR 17003 17 JAN
Whether traveling for work or traveling for pleasure, it is still an act of tourism, because whether for pleasure or business travelers are spending their money in other cities, states, countries economy. [?] Revenue is generated from the travelling population and is important because it adds to the destinations economy. There are three major benefits that come from tourism, economic, socio-cultural, and environmental. Montana brought in over 10 million visitors in 2012, which translates to around 11 new customers per Montana resident for main street businesses (Montana Office of Tourism, 2012-13).