William Paterson of New Jersey submitted a counterproposal .The New Jersey Plan proposed a one-house legislature, with equal state representation regardless of population. Congress had some legislative power, including levying some taxes and the regulation of commerce.The plan also proposed separate executive and judicial branches , elected by Congress and removable by petition from majority of state governors.The judiciary was appointed by the chief executive .The plan also included the supremacy clause , stating that the Constitution and federal laws would supersede over state constitutions and laws . After several months of debate , Roger Sherman of Connecticut came forward with a compromise.The Connecticut Compromise proposed a two-house legislature , with numerical representation in the directly elected House and equal state representation in the indirectly elected Senate. It also gave Congress broad legislative power, including the power to levy taxes and to regulate commerce . It proposed a single executive , chosen by an Electoral College .The judiciary would be appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate .It also included the Supremacy Clause.
The Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777 were accepted by Congress, but not ratified by all the states until March 1, 1781, Maryland was the last state to ratify. The Articles were a humble attempt to form a national government by a new country trying to unite itself. The Articles of Confederation, however, wanted the states to have the majority of the power. The Articles government was very weak, but this was done on purpose, because after finally gaining independence from Britain, they feared that a strong central government would lead to an empowerment of another monarchy. Alexander Hamilton called for a convention to be held in Massachusetts to advise congress to “render the constitution”.
A pocket veto is only used when Congress is adjourned, the President simply does nothing, ten days go by and because Congress is not in session the bill is automatically vetoed without an override vote by the Houses. There could be many reasons for a President vetoing a bill, the most obvious being he disagrees with the proposed legislation or deems it as un-Constitutional. If this is the case a direct veto would most likely be used in order to make a stand. A pocket veto is a way for The President to shut down a bill without directly opposing it. It is a way for the President to refuse a bill without claiming the responsibility of stopping it, without ruffling any feathers.
The House of Lords could either pass the law onto the monarchy if they agree with it and then, it would become an official law or they could delay or amend the bill but only up to a year. With an exception, the House of Lords cannot deal with money bills or public expenditure. Amending the bill simply means that it is sent back to the House of Commons for them to re-think it over because there is either a legal fault in the bill or a human rights issue to contend with. As there are nay legal minds in the House of Lords this makes the task of amending bills easier.
By the time there were approved by Congress, the Articles were an extremely watered-down version of Dickinson’s original plan. Under the new Articles the United States government had the power to wage war, make treaties, sent foreign diplomats and borrow and spend money. The rights to levy taxes and regulate trade were left to the individual state governments. In fact, the Articles were written in order to protect the sovereign power of individual states. Under the Articles, each state had one to seven representatives in Congress but only one vote each.
Within the parliamentary system, the prime minister is chosen by the parliamentary itself. This could theoretically lead to a main official being selected that the people do not directly support. However, in the case that does happen, there are more timely avenues for expulsion of the official than presented in the presidential system. “There is no hope for shifts in alliances, expansions in the government’s base of support through national unity or emergency grand coalitions, new elections in response to major new events, and so on. Instead, the losers must wait four or five years without any access to executive power and patronage.” (Linz, 260) The vote of no confidence establishes that a leader whom the majority of parliament is unhappy with can be recalled at any time.
The entire government came to a stand still for a couple of weeks, and then Congress had to back off. They were not strong enough to override Clinton's veto (they would have needed a 2/3 majority). And of course, as already mentioned, the president exercises an immense influence on political life. Therefore, despite all the elements which may pester his existence, the president could rightly be called the most powerful man of the US, and thus, in today's situation, of the world.
As stated in the Constitution, the electors cannot be a member of the Senate, Hous... ... middle of paper ... ...d freedom. All in all, I believe that our current electoral system is very non-democratic and does no justice to the American people. We, the people, should be deciding who would hold the office of the executive branch, since he/she will be leading us into the next four years politically. I understand how hard and expensive it would be to completely scrap the existing system, but with time, patience and hard work it can happen-slowly and surely. I also understand that unless there are other common cases like the current election, nothing will probably be done to change the electoral system we currently use today.
After the Tarquin monarchy , the Roman people had an everlasting fear of ever being subjected to a monarchy again. In order to maintain a balanced legislature, the government was split up into three branches: magistrates , the Senate and popular assemblies . The magistrates are what the American government would consider the executive branch. They were the leaders of the political and military aspects of government and were led by the consuls. In most cases, the magistrates were only able to hold office for one year, this way they did not have enough time to accumulate power and ultimately overthrow the government or leave a significant impression on the Republic ... ... middle of paper ... ...bserve that this is quite similar in nature to the obligation a policeman has these days in the US when having to disclose someone’s right prior being detained.
He tried to become closer to President Washington in order to do these things. None of these really worked and the Vice Presidency continued to be as it was stated in the Constitution. If I were George Washington I probably would have done the same thing, if we have a brand new Constitution and I am already breaking and changing it, it would not have set a very good example for Presidents to come. Of our 44 presidents to date, 14 have also been Vice President; whether through election or succession, that means over 25% of our Presidents have also been both President and Vice President. John Adams was Vice President from 1789-1979 and went on to become president by election and served one term from 1797-1801.