They broke new ground with the advances that they accomplished. The Germans interest in having rockets was due to the fact that after World War I the nation was banned in having long-range artillery, such as a bullet that can go several miles; instead Germany had begun research on rocket technology. Much of the accomplishment is credited to Hermann Oberth and Werner von Braun. Oberth wrote The Rocket Into Interplanetary Space. Later, his work motivated future rocket engineers, and von Braun, along with his students, developed the infamous V-2 rocket, later used in World War II (Neal 17).
“The sense of a "race" was largely abandoned by both sides, further space exploration by both countries continued, but without the Cold War fervor over which society was the most technologically advanced” (Veve). After World War II the Soviet Union and the United States realized how important rocket research would be in the military. The cold war was a rivalry that led to a buildup of arms, both nations developed extensive nuclear weapons programs. There was fear in which the other would harbor over the world and the fear was in full force when space travel began. The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs.
Development of Sputnik The idea that a satellite could be put into orbit around the Earth was introduced to the scientific community in 1903. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky showed that this could be done, but his work was all mathematical. In 1948, another Russian named Mikhail Tikhonravov talked to the famed scientist Sergei Korolev about turning this theory into an actual working device. Tikhonravov presented his ideas to the Academy of Artillery Sciences, but they refused to support the project. The Academy president Anatoli Blagonravov, however, could not get the idea that the project would have huge value out of his head.
Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of Management, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1989. Print. Newkirk, Dennis. Almanac of Soviet Manned Space Flight. Houston: Gulf Pub., 1990.
It cast doubts on America’s vaunted scientific superiority and raised some sobering military questions.” This blow to national pride along with the fear that the Soviets could potentially launch ICBMs from space led to “Rocket fever”. The sudden wave of nationalism and the desire to build a space program worthier to that of the Soviet Union led to the... ... middle of paper ... ...h, 2013. Eberhart, Jonathan. “Space Race Pace Quickens” The Science News-Letter (1965): 387, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3948639 (accessed April 16, 2014). (Primary Source) Byrnes, Mark E. Politics and Space: Image Making by NASA.
The public questioned the cost performance of exploring space. Of course, the taxpayers don’t want to spend their money in space research. The Americans were somehow dissatisfied with their government because of the space race. It is correct that the United States had wasted huge amounts of money in space race; however, competing with the USSR is the primary focus at the time. So, even medical research and other basic researches might produce more contributions to the society, winning the space race would help the US to win the Cold War.
NASA Human Exploration of Mars June 1998, The Reference Mission of the Mars Exploration Study Team, including Addendum Version 3.0, NASA SP-607. 8. R.W. Bussard, R.D. De Lauer, 2001, Nuclear Rocket Propulsion,McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York.
AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1989. Sullivan, Walter, ed. America's Race for the Moon: The New York Times Story of Apollo. New York: Random House Publishers, 1962. Wilford, John Noble.