In country states the head of state is normally believed as the authorized leader of the nation. A monarchy is a form of administration that highest influence is unconditionally or technically stuck with a person, who is the head of state, frequently for lifetime or up until resignation. The individual who is over a monarchy is called a monarch. A republic is a form of administration in that the people select their frontrunners and the individuals have an influence on its administration. A federation, also known as a federal state, is a type of sovereign state branded by a union of moderately self-governing states or regions unified by a central government.
The country of Turkey is a republic led by an elected president, which is similar to our country. Their president is H. E. Ahmet Necdet Sezer. He is the commander- in- chief of the armed forces, he is presiding officer at cabinet meetings, and the head of state. The Executive branch is made up of the chief of state, which is President Ahmet Necdet Sezer; the head of government is Prime Minister Bulent, who represents the majority party or coalition in Parliament. The cabinet consist of Council of Ministers appointed by the President.
A representative government is when power is controlled by the people. Through elected officials and representatives, they make decisions on the people’s behalf in the government. Decisions are made through a majority rules voting system, the Senate votes on the issue, then the president turns the bill into a law. In this form of government, the elected representatives hold the power because they are the ones who make resolutions to the citizen’s wishes. Laws are created by the legislative branch, then the law is enforced through the executive branch.
France is a Unitary state which is a semi-presidential system that is primarily based on the French constitution of the fifth republic. The Prime Minister is the head of the government where the president acts as the head of state. France is considered to be a democratic republic because they have a prime minister and president. The French Government is divided into three different branches. There is the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch.
The function of Japan?s prime minister is very similar to that of Russia?s. However, the power of the executive branch in Russia resides in the office of the president. He nominates the prime minister and must approve the members of the cabinet (Palmer 334). The president, under the Yeltsin Constitution, has direct control over the major processes of government.
The Constitution established an executive branch headed by a president. The president of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising of both the houses of the Parliament the Legislative Assemblies of each of India's states and territories , though Article 53 of the constitution of India states that the executive power of the union shall be vested in the President and shall be exercised by him directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the provisions of Constitution of India . All the executive powers vested in the President are in practice exercised by the Prime Minister i.e. subordinate authority with the help of the council of ministers. Constitution has granted the powers of executing the laws of the country to the President.
Political and Legal forces Republic of India is the world's largest democracy. India is federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the president of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of the government. The President of India does not have the Legislative power but has the executive power. Legislative power is within the hands of government and the two chambers of the parliament of India, the Lower House (Lok Sabha) and the Upper House (Rajya Sabha). Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system.
Some main features of parliamentary government are: Having a nominal head of the state as a president or monarch: Under this form of government the head of the state is nominal or titular. The person holding the post may have great stature but he does not exercise his power independently although the administration of the state runs in his name and theoretically all the power belong to him under the constitution. His powers are exercised by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Thus there exists dual executive in this system, the nominal and the real. The President in India or the king in England are the symbols of nominal head of the executive where as the Prime Minister is the real head of the executive.In India the president may perform vital and important activities like war&peace treaties which involve other countries,but he does not exercise his power much inside the country,in its legislature though he is the head of the state.
Branches of Government as defined in the Harry S. Truman Library and Museum; “Our federal government has three parts. They are the Executive, (President and about 5,000,000 workers) Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial (Supreme Court and lower Courts). • The President of the United States administers the Executive Branch of our government. He enforces the laws that the Legislative Branch (Congress) makes. • The Legislative part of our government is called Congress.
By contrast, the Executive power the president propose bills to Congress, he enforces federal laws, he is Commander in Chief of the armed forces, and with the approval of the Senate, the president defines treaties and appoints federal judges, ambassadors and other members of the secretariats of the Executive branch (Department of Defense, Commerce, Justice, State, etc.). Each head of a secretariat and all of them form a Council called Cabinet. The Vice-President, elected from the same political party of the president, serves as president of the Senate and in the case of death or incapacity of the president he assumes the Presidency until the end of the