The Political System in India and America

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Man, being a social animal, has to live in harmony with fellow human beings. Human society has created the unique institution of organized state in order to maintain public order, defend frontiers, and ensure harmony among individuals and groups. After centuries of struggle, only in the modern era has it generally come to be accepted that the state cannot be controlled by divine right or power. Neither hereditary succession nor favors are acceptable as arbiters of political power in a civilized society. Throughout most of our ancient and medieval history, there is no clear evidence of a theory of state at work. While the absolute power of the absolute monarchy was accepted, the relative self-governing state of individuals and groups from state power was recognized and respected in large spheres of human endeavor. I am a student from India and I would like to tell you about my countries political system. India is the largest practicing democracy in the world. India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular and Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The Indian polity is governed in terms of the Constitution.. The constitution of India is the second biggest in the world. Our constitution consists of Parts, Schedules and the Preamble. The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Real executive power vests in a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as head. The two houses of he parliament are called The Rajya Sabha and The Lok Sabha In the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive, but real executive power rests with the Chief Minister who heads the Council of Ministers. The power to amend the Constitution also vests in Parliament. Under the Constitution, Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole of or any part of the territory of India. The Union Executive consists of the President, the Vice-President and Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President. The President is elected by members of an Electoral College consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states, with suitable weightage given to each vote. His term of office is five years The Vice-President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament by means of a single transferable vote.

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