Lenin noticed that his social economy was "stalling" so he decided to let the people have their old economy again. Lenin proceeded to put in place the "New Economic Policy" whereby he changed the economy of the USSR from a communist to a capitalist increasing the economy of the country drastically (http://www.bbc.co.uk). This policy lasted for many years after his death (http://www.bbc.co.uk). Lenin was a mastermind revolutionary, but he stalled as a statesman (http://www.pbs.org). Lenin lead the newly created Bolshevik party to the success of the October Revolution, the success of the Civil war between the Mensheviks, the allied powers and the Russian people versus the Bolsheviks, the communist party, and he then proceeded to create the "New Economic Policy" that led the newly formed USSR into economic prosperity.
Politically the Five Year plan was a success; they consolidated Stalin’s position as supreme leader. Joseph Stalin changed history by making the Soviet Union a world power, helping start the Cold War, and creating the Five Year Plan. The Five Year Plan was a list of economic goals to try to industrialize the Soviet Union (en.wikipedia.org). Stalin made the Soviet Union a world power, which defiantly changed the world for the good and the bad. Stalin helped start the Cold War, which had major impact on many countries, and changed the world.
But through the success of the plan, he gained dictatorial control over the party, state and entire Communist International.” (Gorlizki, 2004) • “Stalin believed he had to industrialize rapidly in order to strengthen the communist regime and enable the country to defend itself against foreign enemies.” (Kun, 2000, 212) • The 5-year plan, according to the author, resulted in a near collapse of Soviet agriculture and the deaths of millions of peasants from famine. “Industrialization was achieved, but at a great cost.” (Kun, 2000, 215) • The industrial transformation of the country had led to the complete suppression of capitalist elements in industry. Production increased 70%. (Pauley, 2001) • “It called for one of the most stunning rates of economic growth by industrialization. Steel producing factory towns rivaled anything the West had built.
He also brought up the idea of collectivisation. This was to modernise Russian agriculture. These two things would transform Russia. Stalin had "borrowed" Trotsky's ideas, which was very ironic. Stalin introduced the five year plans because he wanted to industrialise the Soviet Union, he felt it was matter of life or death.
Intelligence resembled speeches made by Adolf Hitler, which was perceived as a threat. Stalin stated, “Capitalism was the cause of wars, including World War II. The war served as a test, passed successfully, of the Soviet social system, the Soviet treatment of nationalities, and the red army. The rapid expansion in this period was due to the Soviet method of industrialization (giving priority to heavy industry over light) and to collectivization of agriculture. The Communist Party, successful in organizing war production, now was setting in motion a fourth Five-Year Plan, aiming to increase goods available for consumption, develop science, and foster expansion of heavy industry as a means to national security.” (Stalin Speech) This was seen as massive Soviet Propaganda and potentially drove Truman to investigate the Soviet problem further.
Joseph Stalins rule was profoundly beneficial politically and economically for the Soviet Union until 1938 however had a significant negative social impact. In the late 1920s Stalin was appointed the general secretary of the Bolshevik party in 1922. In 1924 Stalin expanded the functions of his role, all the while eliminating any opposition. By the late 1920s, he had made himself effectively the dictator of the Soviet Union, ruling with autocracy. Stalin aimed to industrialise Russia so it could become a great world power.
The Commissar of Enlightenment also created youth organizations that were designed as patriotic groups that also taught children about communism. The Commissar also declared war on illiteracy and made valiant attempts to teach citizens in both rural and urban environments to read . The People’s Commissar of Enlightenment was a tool used by Stalin to help implant is ideals of what a culture should be into the Soviet landscape, and by doing so Stalin helped push his revolution even further. The Revolution was at its highest peak of success when Stalin was able to influence every member of Soviet society on a day to day basis. The Stalinist Revolution allowed Stalin to control the politics of the Soviet Union, which in turned allowed him to create his own policies that then allowed him to enforce his own economic and cultural ideology.
The 1920s and early 1930s saw the rise a... ... middle of paper ... ...’s unorthodox rise to power, to his brutal economic policy, it was a form of true dictatorship and turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. Karl Marx wrote that the techniques of exploitation by the bourgeoisie would lead to a violent revolution by the proletariat, and it would change the economic and social order of the state. In this case, Stalin exploited his proletariat and acted as a bourgeoisie, using the labor force for his personal gain and what he thought would be the best way the Soviet Union would ever become a superpower. Joseph Stalin took the idea of Marxism and added his own theory to it, distorting it and creating a new system of politics that is coined “Stalinism.” It has its similarities, but largely it is a split in ideology that would cause the deaths of 20 million people during his rule, something Karl Marx, or Lenin never intended.
During the purges Stalin's personal power can be seen to increase at the cost of the party's. It could be argued that this increasing power for the single leader drawn from his party was due to the need for fast, decisive and unquestioned leadership of the type needed in battle. After all Russia was portrayed by the Soviet propaganda machine as being at war with its own industrial backwardness as workers were urged to industrial `fronts'. If the period of the 1930s is considered, it was a time of crisis. The building tension due to the rise of Nazi Germany making European foreign politics a risky place to navigate, the economic onslaught at home in Russia and the economic depression in the rest of the world making the times harsh.
Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, arguably the world’s most powerful, but lethal leader, was Russia’s turning point from agriculture and failed westernization to a world superpower and rapid industrialization. The power struggle and chaos in Russia from 1914 to the 1920’s made it easy for him to win power. In World War I, there was a sharp decrease in every aspect of Russia which led to many riots triggering a revolution in 1917. Nicholas II, the czar of Russia later abdicated and was killed. Alexander Kerensky took over Russia and as turmoil escalated, Vladimir Lenin replaced him by promising three simple things: peace, bread and land.