The Physical And Psychological Effects Of Slave Trade In Olaudah Equiano

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The middle passage was a sea journey by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies and Americas from 1601-1857 (University). The first successful African author, Olaudah Equiano (Donaldson) portrays the vivid details and personalizes these destructive forces of slave trading during the middle passage. In his narrative, Equiano influenced British abolitionists, as well as European slave masters, and convicted them of their wrongdoing. Slave trading during the middle passage was the most destructive thing to happen within the African culture because of the harsh physical and psychological effects, inhumane treatment, and dehumanization of slaves. Equiano’s enslavement lasted from 1756 – 1766. The number of Africans enslaved and traded varies from source to source, but a good estimate of slaves taken across the Atlantic was around sixty million. Of this number, only 16% survived (Donaldson). Although there were many African’s on the journey, there were many different artifacts…show more content…
Equiano survived the ten years of cruel enslavement and bought his freedom with the help of his last master Robert King. He then went on to write his narrative of the situation. The narrative was a personal statement of the slave trade to help urge the British government to abolish slavery all together. At the time of the writing, Equiano was considered an ameliorationist. An ameliorationist is a person who would rather make something better by improving it (Donaldson). Only towards the end of his writing was Equiano considered an abolitionist. Regardless of what people think, Olaudah Equiano’s account shows the impact of the slave trade among the diverse African majority affected. Physical and psychological abuse, quality of life, inhumane treatment, and the dehumanization of slaves during and after enslavement are the affects that stand out most within the middle
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