The Philosopher Justin Martyr

1152 Words5 Pages
The philosopher Justin Martyr is considered as one of the most influential public figures in early Christianity. He was a staunch proponent for “faith” and “reason”. The roles of Justin can be summed up as witness, lover of Christ and defender for Christians. This research will observe his argumentations concerning Christianity, his apologetics, and the impact on past and present Christian history. Justin’s Life Justin Martyr, was an early Christian apologist. Born of pagan parents of Flavia Neapolis (in modern- day Israel) around 100 C.E. He manifested a serious religious interest from an early date. After studying with STOIC, Peripatetic (Aristotelian) Pythagorean, and Platonist teachers, he experienced a conversion from Greek to Hebrew truth. He was a Samarian by birth although nothing in his writings suggests that he was familiar with Samaritans traditions or religion. He speaks of being brought up in Gentile customs of being uncircumcised and receiving a Greek education. Justin Martyr’s grandfather, Bacchius, was Greek and his father Priscus and himself were Latin. As a young adult, he took a special interest in philosophy. Justin relates that his introduction to philosophy came when he entered the school of a Stoic master. But this Stoic neither offered nor sought knowledge of God, and therefore left him, to turn to a disciple of Aristotle. The Peripatetic philosopher was put off because the philosopher was too eager for fees. Justin moved on and sought out a well-known Pythagorean, who became to concern with academic preliminaries rather than the true objects of philosophy. He also tried Platonism as he advanced his knowledge. Justin Martyr lived the life of an educated pagan, but showed intellectual fo... ... middle of paper ... ...f Stoic philosophy had much in common with Christianity. According to Justin, and men like Plato, Socrates, and Abraham were “Christians” before Christ. Justin’s Apologies The first apology consists of sixty-eight chapters defending Christian’s right to exist and answer Pagan accusations; described early church worship and how the ordinances were performed. Justin does not set forth any Trinitarians doctrine in the Apologies. But he states, he worshiped the Father as supreme in the Universe. He uses the language of Christian experience and worship rather theological reflection. The Holy Spirit was for Justin the guide of spiritual endeavor, and the source of the spiritual gifts in the Church Justin was interested in the activity of demons or spirits, which he believed were everywhere active in the Universe. He categorized them as fallen angels who had sinned
Open Document