Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common disease worldwide which caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. With close to 10 million new cases per year, and a pool of two billion latently infected individuals, control efforts are struggling in many parts of the world (The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body (Comas and Gagneux, 2009). It is important for a nurse to understand how tuberculosis develops, how to diagnosis, treatment, and prevent.
Tuberculosis is disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Usually bacteria attacks lungs but TB bacteria can attack any parts of the body such as brain, kidney, and spine. It can spread through the lymph node and blood stream to any organ. Usually it is seen in the lungs. If it is not treated accordingly, it can be deadly. One of the leading causes of death in the United States was tuberculosis. Everyone who infected with TB bacteria not get sick. There are two TB conditions stand. They are latent TB infection and TB disease. In latent TB infection, people do not get sick but TB bacteria can live in you. People with latent TB infection cannot spread the bacteria to others nor are they infectious. If the bacteria is active and multiply, the person has TB disease. If a person has TB disease, their immune system cannot stop the bacteria become active. People with TB disease get sick and they are able to spread the bacteria to others.
A low-grade fever, weight loss, lethargy, night sweats, respiratory congestion, cough, and hemoptysis, are symptoms indicative of Tuberculosis. A positive skin test, abnormal chest x-ray and a positive sputum culture are indicators of Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is transmitted by inhalation of respiratory droplets containing bacteria. This excerpt depicts tuberculosis and its history and prevalence.
History in itself is how determine the path that we have taken to arrive at a certain point. Knowing is only half of the equation, we must use that information to develop and improve, so that we can take a better path in the future. In the field of law, this is especially important. Specifically in the Criminal Justice System, history is a roadmap that is mainly used a way to examine the cause and effect relationship between policies, laws, and society.
We can use the word history in so many ways and it can have so many meanings and usages. We often find that using the term history without considering the underlying concepts can be troublesome at best. In some instances we use the word history to articulate an actual event that has happened prior to today. We can also say history to show a timeline that includes a group of events or actions. We try to learn from history but often find ourselves repeating the patterns depending on if we have learned anything previous history, sometimes repeating because we did learn effective uses of past history. We want things to be consistent, in our minds we want to repeat those things that went well and avoid the things that did not. So many things are locked in our minds and psychology is our way of unlocking those thoughts and processes from the mind. What makes us who we are is history; it also makes society what it is. Because we have an understanding of our history it will always influence the present.
In conclusion, the prospects of controlling or eradicating Tuberculosis will be a difficult and lengthy task. In Social Science & Medicine, Jaramillo (1999) argued that the “current tuberculosis epidemic has persisted because current tuberculosis control programs focus exclusively on the biological cause and fail to take into account an integrated model of the causality of tuberculosis including biological, behavioural, and socioeconomic forces.” Therefore, control and eradication will only be possible with a more active worldwide public health policy with those most vulnerable, for example those who are HIV positive are given extra screening. As HIV keeps global TB infection rates high, only with more effective management of HIV patients will it be possible to control tuberculosis.
Third person point of view is when an author writes a story using pronouns, such as “he,” “she,” or “they” and avoids using words like “I” and “me.” By writing a story in third person, it allows the author to be more flexible and creative than if they wrote in first
In third person limited, the story is told by a narrator who is not part of the story and knows only the thoughts of one character. For this reason, the reader can better understand what that one character is thinking while also seeing everything going on around them. “Miss Brill” is told in third person limited. It says in the story, “Other people sat on the benches and green chairs, but they were nearly always the same, Sunday after Sunday, and- Miss Brill had often noticed- there was something funny about nearly all of them. They were odd, silent, nearly all old, and from the way they stared they looked as if they’d just come from little dark rooms or even- even cupboards (paragraph 5)!” This tells the thoughts of Miss Brill from an outside perspective, and the reader is able to not only understand her but also see what is going on around her, like the people conversing and the band playing. This person limited is like seeing the whole picture but being able to zoom in on one part, or character in this case, in order to see what they are
It’s truly fascinating how there are so many different approaches to history, how so many different types of minds and schools of thought can come together to study the events of the world’s past. There are so many ways to approach what happened in our past, and the groups of historians previously mentioned are only a fraction of the actual number of different ways of researching and thinking that exists as it pertains to the study of history. History is in some ways, always a mystery, and all historians, regardless of schooling, training or biases, seek to accomplish one goal: to understand what occurred before us and why, and to use that knowledge to learn how the world was shaped into the world we live in today.
Untreated tuberculosis patients can pass the disease by coughing or sneezing, this fills the air with bacteria containing Mycobacterium. Inhaling these unhealthy bacteria a person can be infected with tuberculosis. “This causes the parasite to multiply in the blood, causing headaches, fever, weakness, pain in the joints, and stiffness.” (World Health Organization, 2014) People who become ill might not demonstrate signs of illness right away. Nevertheless, medication is available for tuberculosis, though this can take six to nine months and sometimes longer to be treated during the course of taking the
History is very important for everyone, and everyone should learn about history. Learning History can help to learn about people situation and life from the past. It also helps to know about many events and even some fact from the past. When people want to learn history, they should search about any subject or event from the past and tries to learn the both side of the subject. They also need to try to find what is hidden from that subject, so they can learn more about it. They also need to find out who wrote the subject that they learn about, for not all the historian show the bad side of the event, and they just show the good side. When people know they both side the can have a good judgment about the event. For example, before taking the
The authors of After the Fact The Art of Historical Detection, make the assertion that history is not an account of what happened in the past because what happened in the past is only the raw material: "History is not some inert body of knowledge `out there' in the past, but a continual act of construction whose end product is being reshaped and made anew every time someone ventures into the archives" (Davidson and Lytle IX). Davidson and Lytle mean that the interpretation of history changes based on the methods of investigation used by the historian. Interpretations also change based on how long "after the fact" we choose to go back and investigate. Current beliefs, social trends, and a person's racial background can't help but play an influential role in how we perceive a past event.
In my opinion , history is something that helps us remember the past , in order to better our future decisions. History is about the important past events that had a large impact back in the day, which contributed to the removal and or addition of certain things that build up our society today. People tend to do better once they become educated on what was going on in our past history. Having knowledge about the history of something is how one starts to progress in life and make adjustments in order to make your future into whatever you desire. If history didn’t exist we would have to