The Personification Of Masculinity In Homer's The Iliad

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Men fighting at war are a common depiction of how battles are fought in most cultures. As with Homer’s The Iliad, the mortal and semi-mortal men are combat rated based on their personification of masculinity. Homer sets this up through various literary tropes which range from the characterization of heroes or major figures in the poem, rousing speeches, and analogies. All of these tropes function using masculinity as a way to determine who fights best or at all in some cases. Homer’s gendered narrative aids in the development of masculinity being the deciphering tool which designates shame and glory in the midst of warfare. Masculinity aids in contextualizing the character’s actions as seen through the Greeks perspective as his writing are…show more content…
His armor is also seen as an extension of his masculinity as he expressed as “as if I were a woman” once he offers it to Achilleus in exchange for his life. Hektor effectively wants to offer Achilleus his manhood and sees the whole transaction as if they would both be flirting with each other. In the Homeric analogy of “young man and a young girl”, Hektor admits to being the girl in this paradigm which suggests that he sees a peaceful resolution to the upcoming fight as embracing femininity. His resolution to fight Achilleus is met with the winner being gloried through combat ultimately by gods to their fellow soldiers and is seen as his only real option. Homer’s ideals are explicitly stated in this monologue as someone who does not fight when prompted is not seen as a man. Not only this, but in order for one to gain glory, the solider must fight and win, or else he is not subjected to the glory that warfare brings. Because Homer marries these two ideas through Hektor’s monologue which are that a masculine man is one who fights and glorification of warfare comes through victory are solidified throughout the

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