The People 's Party Of Thailand

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The People’s Party of Thailand has its roots in Paris, where a group of seven students, among them the future leader of the party, organized to plan a revolution in Siam. They had two main goals for the revolution. The first was to replace the absolute monarchy with a constitutional monarchy, as the students recognized the importance of the traditional monarch in Siam culture. Their second goal was to “use the state to achieve economic and social progress.” Prior to the 1932 revolution, Siam saw a great amount of economic unrest, with farmers and businessmen demanding a change in the economic policies implemented by the king. This created a climate open to change, which the People’s Party took advantage of. On 24 June 1932, the roughly one hundred party members, of which half were military, made their way into the government building and overthrew the government. Following this coup, Pridi Banomyong, the party leader, wrote a manifesto to justify these actions. Despite this, the country would continue to struggle between the old and new orders for several more years. Multiple coups ensued in the following period, and political power switched several times. The manifesto issued by Pridi Banomyong following the coup of the People’s Party was a document with three main intentions, written for the ordinary people of Siam; the proletariat that the People’s Party intended to help. The document can be divided into three distinctive sections. First is the reasoning the People’s Party reasoning for why the coup was necessary. Second, a list of what the party intended to do in order to improve daily life for the people of Siam. Finally, the manifesto concludes with a brief explanation of the behaviour that is expected by the people of... ... middle of paper ... ... People’s Party may have chosen to phrase things in a certain way in order to present the party in a more positive light. Secondly, the ideas in the document were not necessarily carried out to the extent that this document states. There is documented evidence that this was the case for the educational goal, where in 1934-35, 1.75 million children should have been able to attend primary school. In reality, only about one million actually did. If similar differences existed in the years following the revolution in other areas, historians must make a note of this. Finally, when studying this document it is important to note that the document was written mere days after the revolution had occurred. Therefore, one cannot use this as a telling of how life actually was. Instead, historians ought to view these as the ideal that the People’s Party ultimately wished to reach.

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