The Peloponnesian War Kevin Garcia Humanities Greek and Roman Educator Lorenz Old Greece in 431 BC was not a country. It was a vast accumulation of opponent city-states placed on the Greek territory, on the west shoreline of Asia Minor, and on the numerous islands of the Aegean Sea. The greater part of the city states had gotten to be unified with one or the other of the main military forces which were Athens and Sparta.
The Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) was a conflict between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta that resulted in the end of the Golden Age of Athens. The events of the war were catalogued by the ancient historian Thucydides in The History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides’ writings showed the ancient Greek belief that there is a parallel between the city-state and the character of its citizens; in order for the city-state to be successful, its citizens must be virtuous. Thucydides did not believe that the true cause of the Peloponnesian War were the immediate policies of the Athenian Empire against the city-states in the Peloponnesian League but rather the fundamental differences in the character of the two city-states
Thucydides was an Athenian general who was exiled for 20 years, during which time he wrote about what happened during the first 20 years of the Peloponnesian War. Athens and Sparta were both extremely powerful and both had many strengths, and they both had their own set of allies. The real cause of the war isn’t known, but there are many speculations. The biggest reason being that there was a thirty-year-old truce broken by the Athenians after the conquest of Euboea. Thucydides tries to argue that the underlying reason to the start of the war was because the Athens’ power was greatly increasing and that Sparta felt threatened by them. There were some allies of Athens that tried to leave their ally league. Both sides, the Athenians and the
Throughout the Ancient Greek world, there have been many wars and standoffs. However, there has been only one which changed the course of Greek history forever; the Peloponnesian War. Caused by the growing tension between Athens and Sparta, it came and left, leaving only destruction in its wake. The defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War caused the downfall of Greece, and the end of the Classical Age.
The Peloponnesian War Is war inevitable? It appears that the answer to this question is yes. However, war is unpredictable and must be studied based on individual circumstances, actions taken, and reactions. States disagree with each other on many subjects and conflicts arise often. To answer this question, we must first examine the causes of a conflict, evaluate the outcome and determine any alternatives that may exist.
Throughout the Ancient Greek world, there have been many wars and standoffs. However, the Peloponnesian War was the only one which changed the course of Greek history forever. Caused by the growing tension between Athens and Sparta, it came and left, leaving only destruction in its path. The defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War caused the downfall of Greece, and the end of the Classical Age.
This all changed for the first time in 492 BC, when the Persians became envious of the Greek’s control over the Aegean sea and enraged at the Greek’s assistance in the Ionian revolt against their rule. The Greek city-states banded together for the first time when the Persians launched an invasion of Greece under the rule of Darius I. The first of what would be known as the Greco-Persian Wars ended with the Athenian victory at Marathon in 490 BC. The city-states became more closely allied with the second Persian invasion of 480 BC. The Athenians and Spartans led the defensive military movement against Persian forces of Darius’ son, Xerxes I, proving their superiority again through many more battles before moving to the offensive and eradicating Persian forces from Europe before the end of the second Persian War in 479
The Persian Wars (499-479 BC) put the Greeks in the difficult position of having to defend their country against a vast empire with an army that greatly outnumbered
The Peloponnesian War consisted of two equal but different powers in control of Greece, Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta were in 480 BC when they both received an independent state of living from the Persians. The Athenians had a phenomenal navy as well as being heavy into commerce and trade by using the waterways. The Spartans lead gracefully in the agriculture community which boosted them as well as having a stupendous army. As you can tell, both powers are complete opposites, which made them bot...
In 480 BC the Persian Empire was once again trying to invade ancient Greece. Under the reign of King Xerxes, an invincible army of a recorded 2 million was marching downwards to enslave all Greeks. An elite force of three hundred Spartans tackled the suicide mission of stalling the Persian wave of doom.