Roosevelt was then accused of steering the UNITED STATES into a war they were not prepared to fight. Roosevelt’s strategy to defeat the Axis was to equip the nation, fight the Axis with ships, tanks, aircrafts and other war technologies. The whole situation of Pearl Harbor started in 1940; the Japanese forces were in China. The Chinese government leader, Chiang Kai-Shek and his government fled to central China. To force China to surrender, Japan cut off Chinas supplies reaching Southeast Asia to China.
Consequently, Pearl Harbour was a preferred target to attack in order to retaliate the United States. The signing of the Tripartite Treaty with Germany further fuelled Japan’s aggression towards the United States. The Japanese had planned the attack in mind that if the US did engage in war, they would have struggled fighting two fronts. “The causes of the attack on Pearl Harbor stemmed from intensifying Japanese-American rivalry in the Pacific. Japan’s imperial ambitions had been evident from as early as 1931 when she invaded Manchuria.” The United States contribution towards aiding countries in relationships with them accordingly resulted in the attack on Pearl Harbour.
Roosevelt did this in fear of Japan possibly becoming strong enough to challenge America. Now anger was steaming in Japan and they were devising a plan that would cripple America forcing them to get involved in foreign affairs. Yomamoto the military leader for Japan, devised a plan in 1940 to devastate America by taking out Pearl Harbor. The last straw for Japan was when FDR cut off all supplies to Japan this is when Japan devised their plans to take out the U.S. Navy. In 1939 Roosevelt ended the 1911 commercial treaty.
By the end of 1940, the United States had ended the shipment of scrap metal, oil, steel, and iron ore to Japan (ushistory.org). Limiting japan’s resources became known as the plan’s Achilles’ heel. Japan needed to find a new source of resources for the war and decided to advance into Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. However, the Japanese had a second reason to attack. Previously, the United States Naval Base was located in the Atlantic and the move to Hawaii posed a threat to Japan.
They had started attacking and invading countries, to include China. With these actions happening the U.S. started restricting trade with Japan. We were trying to do our part on stopping Japan from attacking and invading countries. President Roosevelt hoped that the economic sanctions would deter Japanese aggression. But in July 1941, Japanese troops occupied the remainder of Indochina.
After this Japan became an economic threat to the United States in Asia. US President Roosevelt imposed economic sanctions on Japan. The sanctions blocked Japan from exporting products creating economic downturn. After these sanctions were in place Japan joined the Axis powers. Japanese Emperor Shōwa signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy in 1940.
He also started strengthening American defenses in the Pacific. The center of activity was the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japan saw the embargo on China as a threat. Japan asked to be left alone, but America refused, insisting that they withdraw from China. Soon the embargo began to hurt Japan’s economy.
The Empire of Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in an attempt to keep the United States from interfering with their future war plans in Southeast Asia against territories owned by the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and United States. The attack on Pearl Harbor wasn’t the only military action taken by the Empire of Japan in December; they also attacked on the US bases in the Philippines and British Empire held bases in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong. These attacks were in response to the failing negotiations between Japan and the United States. Prior to December 8th the United States had placed very restrictive oil and steel embargos against Japan to stop their pursuit of expanding Japan’s territories into Southeast Asia. Negotiations to solve their differences hadn't been going well and rather than give in to U.S. demands, the Japanese decided to launch a surprise attack against the United States.
Japan started trying to take over Asia; they landed in the east coast of China in Manchuria and stationed troops there in order to try to take over northeastern China. ("Japan Launches A Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941"). In reaction to Japan’s landing and hostility towards China the United States, who wanted to keep the open-door policy with China, placed economic sanctions of Japan to slow down Japan’s advances in China. (Higgs). President Roosevelt hoped that these sanctions that the United States put on Japan would lead them to making the mistake of declaring war on the United States (which would also bring Italy and Germany into the attack too since they were all allied) the reason why Rooseve... ... middle of paper ... ..., 1986.
The attack may have brought the elimination of the Empire of Japan, for the United States may not have joined because of it. However, it was one of the most major examples of Japanese strategy, and for some reason they gave it away. It brought the United States into the Biggest Conflict of the 20th Century as part of the Allied Forces alongside Great Britain, France, and The United Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1931, The Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria (the Northeastern part of China). Their main importer was the United States who had put an embargo as a sign of disapproval.