Absolute deprivation is an objective measure of poverty, whereby people are considered poor because he or she is incapable to meet minimal fundamentals such as food, shelter, health care and material objects. Is it difficult to participate in society for those who live in an impoverished life? Many would say that people living in poverty are behind in our cultural movement; that he or she lack the essentials to be on an equal level with the rest of society. Many theories have been applied to the issue of poverty with controversy over how and if the poverty problem should be addressed. Inequality, homelessness, and the idea of the American dream also has an influence on poverty.
Social and economic effects such as discrimination, financial constraints and the lack of opportunities available to those citizens are just some of the common setbacks that people who undergo poverty are challenged with on a daily basis. Hence, poverty is not caused by the individual but by society. One issue that leads to the condition of poverty is discrimination. When people are poor, society views them as ‘nobodies’; they are often taken advantage of and may receive the lowest paying jobs. People are often discriminated against based on their level of education.
One's position on this social class ladder has a major impact on the life one lives (Henslin 191). "Biological poverty refers to malnutrition and starvation" (Henslin 193). This type of poverty is when one does not have access to enough food, shelter, and clothing. But there is also relative poverty which is just comparing the how well off the different social classes are (Henslin 193). In some nations they have an official poverty line, which is the amount of income that giv... ... middle of paper ... ... known as HUD.
Although, there is plenty of evidence refuting this finding many people tend to think of the poor as lacking the knowledge to attain and obtain a well paying job. For this reason, people of poor economic background receive fewer opportunities in the work force. Poverty culture gives explanation for the existence of poverty through "the continual reinforcement of the cycle of poverty (p. 195, Parrillo)" adapted by children of poor families. Poverty culture consists of unproductive actions such as a lack of education, teenage pregnancy, drug use, a lack of trust in the authorities and a pessimistic attitude. It has been argued that the "negative orientation toward life and work makes them ill-equipped to enter the societal mainstream (p. 195, Parrillo)."
A Culture of Poverty Why are poor people poor? Why do poor people seem to stay poor? Some scholars blame the preceding postulations on the the attitudes and behaviors of the culture. Others blame a culture of poverty on the specific individuals that form the culture. Hence, the controversy surrounding the culture of poverty is generated from assumptions that are placed upon the examined community.
Relating this back to Marx’s theory on wages being lowered and proletariats accepting it because they need to mean their need of subsistence. However, in a sense, it can be argued that according to Durkheim, that there is a need for people in poverty because then no one would willingly take the low-paying
(Phillip¬_Rayan 2004). One route for investigating the causes of poverty is to examine the dimensions highlighted by poor people (World Development Report 1990) • Lack of income and assets to attain basic necessities— food, shelter, clothing, and acceptable levels of health and education. • Sense of voicelessness and powerlessness in the institutions of state and society • Vulnerability to adverse shocks, linked to an inability to cope with them. 1.2 TYPES/ CLASSIFICATION OF
The Social Problems of Poverty and Wealth The economy in the United States is undoubtedly unequally distributed and unstable. Social stratification, the society’s categorization of people in a hierarchy, is to blame for this. Americans subscribe to the perception that everyone should be placed in a certain group for their financial status; high class, meaning the wealthy individuals, or the lower class, the individuals suffering from poverty. Both social classes’ contribute negatively to the people involved. Wealthier communities experience emotional downfalls and isolation while the poverty stricken communities by decreasing their life chances for being successful and even their length of life.
So poverty does not only include deprivation due to low income but also deprivation of proper health care facilities, sanitation, lack of education etc. Poverty can be understood better by studying the different types of poverty. There are two types of poverty- absolute and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is a situation in which there is extreme deprivation of basic needs for survival. When there is lack of absolutely compulsory requirements for a human being to survive then the person is living in abject or absolute poverty.
Introduction Race and prejudice toward the culture of poverty was manifest during the civil rights movement and even in the American society today.. This paper will rely on examples, borrowing from past examples in trying to explain the culture of poverty, and how it can create prejudice among citizens in society due to their level of income or low-caste groups, which are considered poor within our societies. This paper will highlight a couple of examples to support its arguments. Culture of povertys The culture of poverty suggests that the poor people have bad hygiene, have diseases, lack education and can only be able to work hard manual labor, and this has been the prejudice associated with poverty-stricken people. People with a culture of poverty have no sense of history.