The federal congressional election of 1794 ignited the highest level of political tension in Pennsylvania since the ratification of the United States Constitution, which caused its share of argument and turmoil in 1787. The two candidates, Thomas Fitzsimons and John Swanwick, came from divergen... ... middle of paper ... ... yellow fever epidemic and the Democratic-Republicans’ actions in favor of the people certainly served to aid in Swanwick’s victory in 1794. The Congressional Election of 1794 was a very important and influential one in the evolution of the American political party system. Although Federalists dominated the early political world of the newly constructed union, the Democratic-Republican candidate, Swanwick, was victorious. There were many factors that contributed to Swanwick’s victory that can’t be ignored when analyzing how the Democratic-Republicans procured the victory in the election of 1794.
A majority of the opposi... ... middle of paper ... ...orthern states had not yet paid off their debts. The Republicans thought of the bank as unconstitutional, and did not like that the Federalists supported Northern businesses just as the bank did. A conflict between the economies of the North and South had become a large contribution to the opposition of the national bank. All in all, American politics in the 1790’s were a crucial part of the new nations future. The disagreements between the political parties inspired the formation of several Democratic-Republican societies who were granted involvement in public affairs and the right to debate political issues.
It should also be pointed out that though the Sedition Act was anti-democratic in practice, Thomas Jefferson, who defeated Adams, used it against the Federalists in 1803 (People v. Croswell) and indicted a publisher (DeCarolis, 1995). Jefferson was not accused of being a dictator for such non-democratic actions. Adams was neither dictatorial in his conduct, or imperial in his policies. He appeared to have had the interest of the common people at heart. The conflict with France, the high taxes needed to keep the army and navy operating, and the poor legislative faux pas Congress made during period time, all cast a negative reflection on President Adams.
This thrust towards central banking was only to last 20 years, however. Up for review in 1811, the bank’s charter was not renewed. This paper will argue that the failure to renew the First Bank of the United State’s charter was a direct result of the strong ideological differences between state centered and federalist politics. Many were very skeptical about a strong centralized banking system, while others believed that the only way to create unity in the country was through a highly focused central banking system. Despite the relative efficiency of the First Bank of the United States, and despite the fact that it is widely considered to be a success by economic historians, the general suspicion of banking led to its demise.
He, just like the other Democratic- Republicans, did not agree with the ideas of the Federalist party. He opposed tariffs and felt that if something should be improved, then it should be paid for by that state or by those who need it. However, during his term as president he no longer seemed to hold the same views. During his term he approved a Hamiltonian National Bank. As stated before the Democratic- Republican Party had many issues with these national banks because they felt that it was unconstitutional.
People in America were more accepting of the idea of an external tax or a tax on trade than that of an internal tax or a direct tax. Charles Townshend felt that this was absurd when Benjamin Franklin went to England to explain the colonist’s opposition. Townshend ignored this and passed the Townshend acts anyway which imposed taxes on imported goods from England that they colonist were obligated to purchase exclusively from England. The English would... ... middle of paper ... ...ernment, and the Articles reflected this. Congress actually had few powers in relation to the importance of their role.
This tax was officially known as the Whiskey Excise Tax, and took effect in March of 1791 (Slaughter, 1986, Pg. 100). This Whiskey Tax became the first tax that the federal government levied against a domestic product (Hogeland, 2006, Pg. 27). Many people, including Hamilton, thought this tax would be the least offensive tax that could be imposed on the public, mainly because it was considered a luxury tax (Chernow, 2004, Pg.
He also believed the business community and economic issues would resolve themselves. This was not what Americans needed at the time of an economic crisis. In the eyes of most the American people, Herbert Hoover had failed as a president. Although the awful circumstances most citizens were in because of the lack of help from the government and President Hoover, Hoover was reluctantly renominated by Republicans in 1932. On the other hand, something new needed to be tried so Democrats turned to the governor of New York, Franklin Roosevelt to run in the 1932 presidential election.
Today, political parties can be seen throughout everyday life, prevalent in various activities such as watching television, or seeing signs beside the road while driving. These everyday occurrences make the knowledge of political parties commonly known, especially as the two opposing political parties: the Republicans and the Democrats. Republican and Democrats have existed for numerous years, predominantly due to pure tradition, and the comfort of the ideas each party presents. For years, the existence of two political parties has dominated the elections of the president, and lower offices such as mayor, or the House of Representatives. Fundamentally, this tradition continues from the very emergence of political parties during the election of 1796, principally between Federalist John Adams and Anti-federalist Thomas Jefferson.
The debates, arguments and compromises between those who supported a strong central government and those who favored more power for the states resulted in the creation of the United States Constitution which granted specific powers to the government and later, the Bill of Rights that protected the rights of the states and individuals. A battle between the Federalists and the Anti-federalists erupted over the establishment of a national bank. Since the recently adapted Constitution gave the government the power to lay and collect taxes and create a national trade policy, Alexander Hamilton’s opinion on the Constitutionality of an Act to Establish a Bank was that the bank would allow the government a means to regulate trade with foreign countries and act as a depository for taxes. Opponents argued that the constitution did not give the government the power to establish a bank and that it was, therefore, unconstitutional. Hamilton contended that since it was not specifically prohibited by the constitution, that the establishment of a ba... ... middle of paper ... ...ection of the Constitution on the grounds that a strong federal government would abuse power and lead to corruption.