McDonald, Dennis R. "The Homeric Epic and the Gospel of Mark." Journal of Theological Studies (Yale University Press) 52, no. 1 (2000): 196-262. Stamps, Donald C. The Full Life Study Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1992.
James L. Mays, ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1988. New Jerusalem Bible. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1985.
- Day, Peggy "An Adversary in Heaven," hlm. 150-9 - Freedman, David Noel (ed. ), The Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York: - Doubleday, 1992). - Emerton, IA., "Syeol and the Son of Belial," Vetus Testamentum, 37 (1987): 214.
Downers Grove, Ill., USA: InterVarsity Press, 1992. Yarbrough, Robert W. 1-3 John. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2008. Yarbrough, Robert W. 1 and 2 Peter, Jude, 1,2, and 3 John (Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007.