A revolution is defined as being a generally violent attempt by many people to end one rule of governing, and to create their own (Websters Dictionary). The founding of our own independent country is based on such a notion, with our forefathers fighting to gain their freedom from the oppressive rule of Colonial England. With rampant fears of tyranny from a country deemed a super power, the American people were divided in their views of creating their own government, making the definition of a revolution all the more difficult. The years 1775 to 1785 in American history were enormously fundamental to the founding of the United States. From the famous Battles of Lexington and Concord which started the war with England, to the drafting of our own Declaration of Independence from which the United States of America was born, the victorious battles fought against the Redcoats, and to the Treaty of Paris.
While holding this position, he was named governor of Massachusetts in 1774; at the same time that Parliament passes the Coercive Acts in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, which occurred the previous year. He tried to put down the dissident forces in the colony. He ordered the arrest of Samuel Adams and John Hancock. In April 1775, he sent soldiers to seize military stores at Concord, which had begun to stock large quantities of ammunitions. This was the first serious engagement of the American Patriot Paul Reveres’s famous ride warning of British attack.
Britain’s attempt to tighten the reigns of the government and to raise revenues from the colonies in the 1760’s and early 1770’s convinced many Americans that the Real Whigs’ reasoning applied to their current circumstances. The colonists believed that the excessive and unjust taxation could destroy their freedom. Though willing to contend for their rights, the colonists did not seek independence. They rather wanted some measure of self-government. Throughout the course of the French and Indian War and its aftermath, England and the American colonists had a tough time in their economy and government.
They had joined together and fought to protect their land. They felt they no longer needed the British Army to protect them and remind them that they must obey English laws.... ... middle of paper ... ...ish were getting tired and going broke fighting not only the Americans but also the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch. In the 1783 Treaty of Paris the British agreed to recognize American independence. In the end, the American Revolution grew out of increasing restrictions placed upon the colonies by the British. Many revolutions begin with the outbreak of violence, which is often a response to heightened repression or other extraordinary demands from government against their people.
One would agree that the revolution war was inevitable, although it could have been prolonged for few more years had the king and his government handled the colonies issues in a considerably and reasonable manners. First, the people in the colonies always felt that the Great Britain perceived them as second-class citizen. This perception from American can be traced back by the harsh treatment of the British troops garrisoned in the colonies. The pompous royal troops intended to show their superiority and blatant arrogance towards the colonies in every chance they got. During the French Indian war, this treatment of the British regular could be confirmed by one incident in June 1755 when Edward Braddock a British General, who was about to take an expedition to capture Fort Duqu... ... middle of paper ... ...t eventually lead to the declearance of indipendence.
The General was a key part of England's attempted suppression of American colonists. Although the Patriots ultimately ended up winning the war, there's no doubting the skill and experience of General Charles Cornwallis. Cornwallis was born in 1738 and lived a long 67 years before dying in 1805. "The eldest son of the first Earl Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis saw military service in Germany during the Seven Years' War" ("Charles Cornwallis). As tensions continued to rise and boil over, Cornwallis did not necessarily agree with the taxes being forced on American colonists.
Without its inspiring authors, America would have lost its drive during the initial battles of the Revolutionary War. Literature in the time before, during, and after the Revolutionary War forever made an enormous impact on historical events. In this time, literature assumes a huge position in society and everyone keeps an eye out for the newest piece. The writers of short works such as Letters from an American Farmer, Declaration of Independence and Common Sense all gave Americans a reason to fight for their freedom and surge forward as an emergent independent nation. Thomas Paine implements a mixture of forceful emotions and opinions as well as hard facts and literal common sense to beautifully present his argument against British rule.
Lucia Raatma’s “The Battles of Lexington and Concord” is important because it describes why the battles were fought and their effects. The American Revolution as a whole was fought to “give colonies freedom from British rule” (Raatma 4) due to unfair taxation from King III of England (Raatma 8). This shows that the driving force of the revolution was the dissatisfaction of the colonists concerning the treatment they received from the king. As a result, the colonists had had enough of the unfairness and tyranny and decided to take matters into their own hands. Several acts of protests, such as the Boston Tea Party, made the British king “furious” (Raatma 10).