The Paleo-Indian Tradition

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The Paleo-Indian Tradition was considered the first humans to come to Wisconsin. Through the Bering Land Bridge, these people came into North America. They inhabited Wisconsin from 10,000-8,500 BC according to the Milwaukee Public Museum website. 2. Describe the major developments, changes, and the general living patterns of the Great Lake Indians during the period from 1000 BC and AD 1600. Make sure to provide at least 3 different components for each of the main timeframes outlined in the readings (Early Woodland, Middle Woodland/Hopewell, Late Woodland, Mississippian/Upper Mississippian). The Early Woodland people lived from 1000-300 BC and were a culture who primarily hunted and fished. However, plants became more important as they learned how to tend to the crops and use them as a food source. It was the beginning of agriculture. Some examples of what they grew were: corn, beans, and squash. This time period also marked the beginning of pottery as Early Woodland Indians needed proper materials to cook their crops. They also used their pottery to build human burial mounds during this time. The Middle Woodland Indians lived between 300 BC-AD 400. Most southern Indians during this time built their homes around rivers where they could hunt, fish, and collect plants. The northern Indians built their homes, similarly, around the plentiful lakes. The Hopewell people, from central and lower Illinois River Valley, came into this region to trade copper and other resources. These people lived among or near the native people. They taught the Middle Woodland people new techniques in pottery construction. The Late Woodland people lived from AD 400-1100 and built their homes around farming areas. Planting and harvesting became ... ... middle of paper ... ...on must be taken and clear and plain language used to abrogate (or abolish) them.” 14. What tribes live in Wisconsin today? Of these tribes, how many have federal acknowledgement of tribal rights and sovereignty? Eleven tribes have federal acknowledgement of tribal rights and sovereignty. They are the Menominee Tribe, the Ho-Chunk Nation, the Stockbridge-Munsee Tribe, the Oneida Indian Tribe of Wisconsin, the Forest County Potawatomi Tribe, the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, the Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, the Sokaogan Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, and the St. Criox Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. The Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin are still waiting to receive federal recognition for its tribal rights and sovereignty.

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