Afterwards Britain declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary because of their alliance with Belgium, France and Russia. Germany’s military reliance on the Schlieffen Plan working was a serious miscalculation. The Schlieffen Plan was a German war plan drawn up before 1914. Its essence was to avoid a two-front war for Germany, by first swiftly conquering France, the western front, through Belgium and then concentrating on the eastern front against Russia. ‘The invasion of Belgium was considered an essential element of the German war ... ... middle of paper ... ...to expand into the Balkans itself and was supported by Germany.
This began to escalate and France, Germany and Britain consequently got involved because of their alliances or ententes. The question is without these alliances and ententes, would war have broken out in 1914? Due to the built up tension of Militarism, Nationalism and Imperialism the Great powers were worried of being attacked from rival countries. As a result, alliances and ententes were beginning to form. In 1879 Germany had made a secret alliance with Austria-Hungary, and Italy joined three years later to create... ... middle of paper ... ... 1914.
MILITARISM Militarism is using military power to solve diplomatic crises, it influenced the arms race, but wasn't directly it, though the two are certainly intertwined. It was a direct cause of WW1 because the Germans based their diplomacy around their military, as did most of the powers of the day, the arms race caused the war, both sides felt provoked after the assassination of the good Archduke Ferdinand, after both sides mobilised their military, because both sides felt threatened, they did not trust each other, and that caused the war. The real cause is so much more complicated, but that is one piece of the puzzle. The Countries were building up their armies and navies to prove they were the most powerful. Because the countries thought that their armies were the best, they felt they did not have to be as careful when dealing with other countries, because they had something to back them up.
But there were other reasons behind the assassination, which forced Europe into war so suddenly. Britain wanted to ensure Germany didn't dominate Europe with Weltpolitk and also because of Anglo German naval rivalry. Russia wa... ... middle of paper ... ...llies and leave them isolated. This view treats Balkan matters largely as influences on policy elsewhere The tough positions taken by both Austria and Serbia brought the situation too close to the brink to step back, and in a few days matters were out of control. Again, the specific arguments raised by each side matter less than their mutual willingness to take risks.
World War I was ultimately due to German expansion. As Germany’s military strength expanded and its ties with Austria-Hungary grew stronger, it became evident that Germany posed a very probably threat to neighboring countries of Russia and France. Britain who had begun to lose grip of much of its territorial grounds in Africa, had also begun to see Germany as a super-power with the potential of mass invasion. Thus, Britain brought itself into the picture by signing the Entente Cordial and joined France and Russia. To further complicate matters, Russia promised allegiance towards Serbia in the event that it was attacked by the Triple Alliance.
The conflict resulting from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinard should have been local and confined but due to a series of factors, militarism, the alliance system, nationalism, this one incident led to the greatest war Europe had ever seen. As a result of underlying hostilities the assassination led to a chain of events that ensured war on a wide scale. The alliance system developed by Bismarck for defensive purposes was one of the major causes of the war. These alliances however took a more aggressive tone in the hands of Bismarck’s successors. Also Bismarck’s alliance system was too intricate for anybody other than himself to maintain.
In reaction, France, Great Britain, and Russia formed the Triple Entente in 1907. These alliances were formed for protection of one another if a tragic and catastrophic event broke out. There were several events that tested the connection between the alliances. In 1914, the trustworthiness of several alliances was shown with the mayhem in the Balkans. “With the growing spirit of Nationalism, Slav subjects were becoming more and more difficult to govern.” This was caused because of the Slavs desperate desire to become an individual state.
Serbia’s decline of the Ultimatum led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on the Serbs. Another key event in the July Crisis was Austria-Hungary sending a “blank cheque” to Germany. This cheque meant to ask if Germany would help Austria-Hungary if they went to war. Germany agreed to the “blank cheque”. As Austria-Hungary went to war against Serbia; Serbia had alliances with France, Russia, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire to join the war on their side.
The alliance system essentially fabricated tension and generated fear amongst the great powers of Europe. Michael Howard stresses this same point, saying that arms race and the alliance system were a “major source of friction prior to the war”. In addition the pre-existing tension between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Russia proved to be a supplementary justification for the intensification of friction with in European alliances (www.ibhistory.com). Russia and Austria-Hungary grew apprehensive towards each other pertaining to the divergences in the Balkans in 1887. Bismarck found it difficult to deter any elemental variances from occurring.
These countries included Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. Whilst all these countries fought to be the best they didn’t realise what it would lead to, that was a World War. This war formed from years of tensions and little battles. Whilst many say “The blame must firmly lie with Germany” other countries such as Austria-Hungary, Russia, France and Britain all had some involvement in a dispute before World War 1. Since the late 19th century and early 20th century, there has been major tension within Europe.