another study, Blanc and Winchester (2012) investigate the effect of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), another market-based instrument, on air passenger arrivals in the Caribbean, the region central to the study being proposed. Similar to a tax, the policy increased the price of travel to the Caribbean. In this case, the increase in price was predicted to be between $17 and $21. They modelled this effect by estimating the proportional change in EU arrivals as a function of price elasticity
choose to identify with an African tribe which has been given high esteem or made popular legends. When African-Caribbean is mentioned the places of settlement listed include Barbados, Jamaica and other Caribbean countries. Most of the Caribbean was populated as a result of slave shipped the region. Eighty to ninety percent of families living in the Caribbean are of Sub-Saharan origins and today genetic testing can prove this fact. Others of African descent like the people of the Dominican Republic
Identities in French Caribbean Literature The masculine identity and the feminine identity in French Caribbean literature is far more complex and diverse in their gender roles than what one perceives in other varieties of literature. In this type of literature, masculinity is mostly depicted with forms of weakness, while femininity in French Caribbean literature is depicted with forms of strength, courage and determination. The question is why are gender identities in French Caribbean literature evolving
In The Repeating Island, Antonio Benintez-Rojo writes on postindustrial societies inaccurate views of the Caribbean as a common archipelago and calls on postindustrial societies to reexamine their view of the Caribbean. In this paper the following topics in The Repeating Island will be examined in validating Benitez- Rojo’s perspective that the Caribbean is a meta-archipleago with no boundaries or center: Columbus’s machine to the sugar-making machine, the apocalypse to chaos, rhythm to
between the education opportunities provided by the privileged elite and the richness of folk traditions preserved by the oppressed majority. The poem stresses the narrator’s frustration with a British educational system that does adjust to the local Caribbean people and landscape. As a child, the narrator felt limited by the rigid established teaching methods that analyze poetry through signs of scansions that he hated and that warped enjoyable, poetic language into murky discipline and Mathematics. The
Within Brazil and the Caribbean lies a racial mixture of cultures. Since the 1930's the people have, overall, enthusiastically adopted the notion that racial and cultural mixture defines this regions national identity (Samba 1). This region consists of a very historic background which has shaped the beliefs and customs of celebration, music and dance. Sugar cane was brought to the "new world"
its music, rhythm, and lyrics. For the southern and eastern Caribbean that music is Calypso. With its direct origins to African music and song, Calypso is intertwined with history and cultural evolution. It is the basis of this paper that I will show those connections and evolution between Calypso music and the culture and politics of Africa and Trinidad. What is Calypso music? Musically, Calypso is an energetic, upbeat style of Caribbean song much like the Brazilian samba because of its “duple metre”
Attempting to analytically appreciate the religious inclinations of the populaces of the Caribbean, it is undeniable that the region must be consumed as a whole. With interconnecting origins, environs, and social formations, it was interesting to consider the emergence of Caribbean religious affiliations collectively. Through the process of socialization, displaced persons culturally survived the misfortune of slavery and the pressures to dismantle their embryonic religious autonomist groupings.
Known for its beauty, extravagant tourist’s attractions, and quality cigars, the Caribbean island of Cuba, a totalitarian communist state, is a multiracial society with a population of mainly Spanish and African origin. The nation is officially known as the Republic of Cuba; it consists of the Island of Cuba, the Isle of Youth and some adjacent small islands. Cuba lies just ninety miles south of Key West, Florida; therefore its climate is subtropical or temperate. The average minimum temperature
of survival’.” As such a vital part of cultural traditions, dance plays and integral role in the history culture. Three of the most influential styles of dance in the Caribbean are the Rumba, The Merengue, and the Salsa. The word Rumba is defined by the Merriam Webster Dictionary as “a ballroom dance of Haitian and Dominican origin in 2/4 time in which one foot is dragged on every step.” Here, however, Rumba is a collection of percussive rhythms, song and dance that originated in Cuba as a combination