Richard Miller stated, “Is it possible to produce writing that generates a greater sense of connection to the world and its inhabitants?” (441). In his essay, “The Dark Night of the Soul”, Miller brought up the preceding question. Miller tries to understand the reasoning and value for reading and writing in education and whether it is still relevant in today’s world. He tries to investigate his question by introducing the Columbine shooting and four other literature pieces. Because of the violence, depression, and hopelessness displayed in three of these essays, he really begins to question if the literary arts are really valuable or is there becoming a disconnection in reading and writing?
“The Dark Night of the Soul” is a chapter in the book, Writing at the End of the World by Richard Miller. In this chapter, Miller gives many examples of how reading and writing help the world, and he asks questions to find out if literature, and his teachings cause a change in the present day. Miller states, “Why bother with reading and writing when the world is so obviously going to hell?”(Dark Night of the Soul 433). I believe that this is the best statement to summarize what Miller is trying to get across. Why read?
In contrast, Heart of Darkness has the continuing theme of dislocation throughout the novel. This paper will also consider the estrangement of the native inhabitants in Conrad’s novel. Theodor Adorno has written the following on Kafka’s writing: ‘each sentence says ‘interpret me’, and none will permit it.’ In other words, Kafka’s convoluted style of writing invites and resists interpretation. Bearing this in mind, this essay will consider the form to establish how the text itself alienates the reader through its narrative structure and use of language. It is also important to acknowledge that the author’s lives and experiences may have impacted their works; however, this paper will focus on the stories themselves.
In this scenario, the creation of an outsider provides an outlet for people’s disdainful thoughts and opinions. Because the narrator is ‘all-seeing’ and ‘all-hearing’, the reader is able to form a justified and coherent opinion on society. If there wasn’t an outsider, such as Hester Prynne, this would not be possible. The terms ‘The Outsider Novel’ and ‘social protest’ are, in the case of The Scarlet Letter, interchangeable, because it is through the use of the protagonist, the outsider, that Hawthorne voices his own personal viewpoints and criticisms of society. Aside from this, one must take into consideration the ways in which Hawthorne presents Hester as an outsider.
In some literary works, some words used do not have stable references. This makes audience make assumptions about the way language has been used to represent reality. Poe, in “The Cask of Amontillado”, uses some contradicting terms and events in his literary work. The contradiction in his work has to be exposed in order to understand the meaning below the surface. This technique of exposing the hidden meaning of a literary work is called theory of deconstruction.
King utilizes tension as a part of his books which requests to the examines. Both are utilized dim and dreadfulness in their composition style. Poe utilizes frightfulness as a part of a dull and fixed way and associates his written work with his life. Stephen King utilizes hope for horror as a part of his composition. In his books, you truly don’t know what’s going to happen.
And it is also a reminder of our absurd freedom and the choices we make in life, especially when facing death. In writing The Plague we are told that Camus "sought to convey [...] the feeling of suffocation from which we all suffered and the atmosphere of threat and exile in which we lived" (Bree, 1964:128). He was, of course, speaking of the horrors of World War II. But "at the same time [he wanted] to extend [his] interpretation to the notion of existence in general" (Bree, 1964:128). Camus' interpretation of existence is revealed in his philosophical essay The Myth of Sisyphus in which he discusses the absurd and its consequences, revolt, freedom and passion.
Through his writing, Poe directly attributes the narrator’s guilt to his inability to admit his illness and offers his obsession with imaginary events - The eye’s ability to see inside his soul and the sound of a beating heart- as plausible causes for the madness that plagues him. After reading the story, the audience is left wondering whether the guilt created the madness, or vice versa. The story opens with the narrator explaining his sanity after murdering his companion. By immediately presenting the reader with the textbook definition of an unreliable narrator, Poe attempts to distort his audience’s perceptions from the beginning. This point is further emphasized by his focus on the perceived nexus of madness; the eye.
The literary critic reports on the work that he is criticizing and picks out the meaning that he deems important, which might be different from what the next critic would pick out. To describe the work it is therefore already a subjective exercise, such as in Doctor Faustus, in the A-version of the text, some people ... ... middle of paper ... ...ot say that the knowledge of the meaning is basic, nor conclude that people that come to other conclusions than he did “misread” the text, which seems a rather harsh criticism of his fellow critics. Brooks attempts to disprove the formalist critics and makes good points among the way in anticipating and devaluing their criticisms. Yet, he fails to prove that formalist criticism should be the only way in approaching literature, especially when contradicting himself. Works Cited Brooks, Cleanth “The Formalist Critics.” Critical Theory: A Reader for Literary and Cultural Studies.
The character of Briony would rather a tidy fiction then an unorganized reality. That as a result leads to guilt and regret. Wood, in his analysis demonstrates how McEwan through Briony demonstrates the separation of characters in order to show a reader how to inhabit the mind of characters. Upon reading the novel there is a temptation to condemn Briony for her childish wrong doings. Wood analysis this in saying, “that this moving out of ourselves into realms beyond our daily experience might be a moral and sympathetic education of its own kind…”(Wood, 102).