New York: Vintage, 1998. Print.
As ancient Greek mythology began to evolve, the Age of Gods and Mortals had created such an epic beginning for stories to revolve around. Greeks regarded mythology as a part of their history. They used myth to explain natural phenomena, cultural variations, traditional beliefs and friendships. Greece had been mainly defined by its numerous accounts of various wars and battles, as well as its incredible architecture, but nothing had defined Greece better then its vast majority of mind- boggling myths and legends (Hamilton. 16).
It is also a tale that entertains, and teaches those from all periods of history of honor, courage, sacrifice, and love. The plot of the Iliad is most likely based on legends and stories passed down through Greek tradition. The Greeks believed that their ancestors, such as Achilles and Agamemnon, were born from the gods of Olympus. Several times Homer makes references to people being stronger, faster, or nobler at this time. “…Aeneas seized a great stone, so huge that two men, as men now are, would be unable to lift it, but Aeneas wielded it quite easily.” (The Iliad) This is a clue that it was common for people to have great respect for their ancestors at the time, and Homer reflects this in his poem.
In this paper I will focus on the two characters by expressing their differences, as well as their similarities, and I will also give a bit of history about our two heroes. Gilgamesh, the hero from the epic Gilgamesh, was the historical king of Uruk in Babylonia, on the river Euphrates in modern Iraq: he lived about 2700B.C. Odysseus, the hero from the epic the Odysseus, was the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca. He was one of the most prominent Greek leaders of the Trojan War. Both of these men were granted certain strengths, Gilgamesh had physical, while Odysseus had mental strengths.