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The Odyssey

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I have seen a lot of interaction, both indirect and direct contacts, between humans and the gods in literature such as the Hesiod, the Odyssey, and the Homeric Hymns, and I would be safe in assuming that petty feuding and revenge on humans acts as a past time for the Greek Gods. Yet, the humans are no better, which is why my essay will argue that the interaction between the gods is negative for humans and we see that demonstrated when humans interact with gods, how the gods interact with humans, and how the gods can act on their own personal motives.
Though the Gods are clearly more powerful than humans, the relationship between the two isn’t as one-sided as one might think. Humans have the ability to sway gods through sacrifice and are capable of creating their own and even humanities fate, for better or for worse. First, there direct contact between the mortal, Paris, and the goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. This would be an example of the human condition where humans are competitive and selfish. Although the human condition is amplified to an extreme when Paris’ pick sparked the Trojan War, which resulted in the fall of Troy (Lecture, Feb. 17). Secondly, Greeks specifically have influence when it comes to which Greek God they sacrifice to. Poseidon complains to Zeus and speaks of his embarrassment at the fact that mortals are no longer under his wrath or consequences since Odysseus was able to make it home safe. (Odyssey 13.142-50) Poseidon then turns the boat to stone, which is an example that humans are not rewarded if it interferes with other gods. e Although the Phacaeacians acted as they should by providing hospitality for Odysseus, they are still are still brutally punished because one god was offended. Lastly, ...

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... throughout mythology like The Odyssey, Homeric Hymns, and Theogony, is that gods are seen as spiteful and unstable towards the people that revere them. Homer depicted the gods as powerful beings with negative attributes that will harm people if they do not appease to the immortals. So are the Greeks of this time just worshipping the gods to avoid harm and repercussions? People seemed to be so focused on appeasing the gods that they weren’t following their own paths of life. Regular people make mistakes and with the temperate of the immortals, the whole race could nearly be wiped out for making the wrong reaction in the presence of a god. Whether it would be direct contact or indirect effects of an immortal to a mortal, the interaction with gods may have some positive effects for humans, but overall gods can overreact at petty things thus canceling out the positive.
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