The Objectives Of The Sustainable Development Goals

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The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of global agendas set by the United Nations to be achieved by the year 2030. They are a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals, set-up through the Millennium Deceleration in 2000 to address the needs of the world poor (Cite UN). The Millennium Development goals included a set of eight simply stated goals with 21 targets and 48 indicators to measure progress (Murray, 2015). Amongst them- reducing child mortality (MDG 4), improving maternal health (MDG 5) and combating HIV-AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)- were specifically aimed at improving health. This approach provided a clear and focused direction for many of the stakeholders, to work on achieving these goals. The SDGs are longer with 17 Goals and 126 targets (Buse e Hawkes, 2015). Unlike the MDGs, The SDGs contain only one cohesive goal, with 9 specific targets that focus on health (SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages). There is a criticism claiming that a switch from three to one goal would reduce the global focus on health. I argue that a simplified SDG goal is sufficient because it builds upon, and strengthens the template set-up in the MDGs. Furthermore, it includes four proposed means of implementation to achieve these targets (Murray, 2015). Thus, if the work that has been laid out in the MDG era continues with a sustained focus, there is no reason why the priority it had in the MDG era will decline. Following the years MDGs were declared, health was given a primary focus and global efforts were made to address those matters. Governments, non-governmental organizations and civil societies mobilized their efforts to tackle the issues (Sachs, 2012). Several means of fundi... ... middle of paper ... ...anctions and other mandates such as that of The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control could be applied, although it poses a much greater challenge in the current environment. There needs to be specific efforts to elevate social justice and human rights as underlying principles for achieving sustainable health. Finally civil society engagement and activism is critical for sustainable health. The implementation of the health goal demands a qualitative as well as a quantitative aspect. The health sector needs to come out of isolation and focus on illness prevention and promotion of well being in collaboration with other sectors that influence health outcomes rather than relying on the fallback of treatment. with emphasis on approaches that are politically strategic, locally led, and globally sustained. The emphasis of health as an underlying right will be important.

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