The North, South, East, and West

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Following World War II, capitalist countries were having tense relations with communist ones and ideological conflict grew to encompass the globe. In an effort to achieve philosophical domination, Russia and China pressured another communist nation, North Korea, to cross the 38th parallel into their neighboring South Korea, a nation supported by the US. This became a major problem and the US had to intervene. War was waged with many countries coming into play. In 1953, however, both sides signed an armistice or treaty to stop fighting. This conflict was the start of the Cold War, and though short, resulted in many effects. The main and problematic effect is that the US is now a sworn enemy of North Korea. And, at their current rate, the North Koreans are advancing towards building missiles with the capability to attack the US. Students should care about this global issue because it deeply affects their safety within the US and will most likely cause problems in the near future. This story of the division of a nation and the differences between them ideologically begins in the early 1900’s. During this time period and further back, nations around the world were industrializing and becoming increasingly imperialistic; especially Japan. With increasing western abilities to travel long distances across the globe, Japan had begun to feel the power of westernization and entered a period called the Meiji Restoration. One outcome of this move was to go to war with Russia over the Korean peninsula. This was called the Russo-Japanese war and Japan prevailed, imperialistically naming Korea as its own. This situation remained until the end of WWII when Russia and the US, both fighting against Japan, seized Korea and “[reoccupied] the penins... ... middle of paper ... ...ia of Modern Asia. Ed. Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. 361-362. World History in Context. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. 4. (NEWS) MLA Cite: Sang-Hun, Choe. "Report Says North Korea Is Improving Missile Capabilities." New York Times 8 Feb. 2014: (L). World History in Context. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. 5. (NEWS) "North Korea's Missile Programme." BBC News. BBC, 04 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 Mar. 2014. 6. (NEWS) "North Korea Country Profile - Overview." BBC News. BBC, 17 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 Mar. 2014. 7. (NEWS) "North and South Korea Hold Rare High-level Talks." BBC News. BBC, Jan.-Feb. 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014. 8. (NEWS) "Koreas: Joint Dictionary Aims to Bridge Cultural Divide." BBC News. BBC, Jan.-Feb. 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014. 9. (NEWS) "N Korean Leader Kim Jong-un Hails Execution of Uncle." BBC News. BBC, Jan.-Feb. 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.

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