The Norman invasion marked a crucial time in the development of the English language. The conquest resulted in the development of two categories of the English language called the Old English and the Middle English (Thomas, 2008). Old English refers to the language used before the Norman Conquest, while the Middle English refers to the language used after the conquest following the addition of numerous French vocabularies. The main difference between the two categories is the grammatical elements and the collection of words (Butcher, 2013). The conquest also influenced the development of sound and structure elements of the English language.
The French were not only the new aristocracy in England, but the new society. The English amended their language and their culture in an effort to more resemble the French and to communicate with their new lords. The English language was more changed by the Norman Conquest than by any other event in the course of English history. Middle English is defined as the four hundred year period between the Norman Conquest and the time the printing press was introduced to England in 1476. This essay will explore the specific effects that the French had on Middle English morphology, phonology, syntax, semantics and lexicon.
The English of this time period is widely known as “Old English” and would be unintelligible to speakers of modern day English. The next major step in the evolution of the English language occurred in the 10th century when French-speaking William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invaded and conquered England. The invading Normans governed England through a French speaking bureaucracy and for ... ... middle of paper ... ...as music or television. His theory needs to be updated to address aspects of English use in areas where it is used beyond any necessary function such as business. As we have seen, the English language has undergone a drastic transformation from its origins in the 5th century AD.
The day of battle came as King Harold had the greater advantage fighting do... ... middle of paper ... ...ght significant changes to England (WebChron). The new French language and culture adopted by the battle, replaced the previous customs of 300 years (WebChron). The Battle of Hastings changed history because of the huge impact on the people and their culture, the country, and the way they were looked upon by the world (WebChron). Works Cited Alchin, Linda. “The Battle of Hastings- 1066.” Norman Invasion.
English was now a language connected to the continent, thanks to the invasion of the new French monarch, the language would continue to be influenced by many dialects. Spielvogel notes that because of the ... ... middle of paper ... ... Middle English was a language that was constantly being influenced by external factors. Interestingly, the prevailing of the Middle English language was thanks to the deaths caused by invasion and plague over the course of the High Middle Ages. By the end of the Middle English period the English language had been almost forgotten, then enriched by other prevailing dialects, and finally revived into a new form, and put back to its place of authority as the recognised official language of England. However lengthy the development of Middle English was, its journey was accomplished thanks to titanic external forces of invasion and plague.
It is quite difficult to understand it even for the contemporary Native English speakers. Next step in the development of English was the Normand invasion in 1066 bringing the French language, spoken by royalty through the following centuries until the English language became dominant again in 14th century. This period is called Middle English. With a Great Vowel Shift, change of the pronunciation, and the invention of the printing the English spelling and grammar became fixed. This period is called Early Modern English.
In each era, there is an affection of other tribe’s languages on English language. As an example, Germanic tribes who moved into Britain and have an impact on Old English language are (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes). In the same way, the effects of the tribes lead to have many changes in vowel system, which calls the Great Vowel Shift .In this paper, I will discuss the Great Vowel Shift and the the process of that huge change. The meaning of Great Vowel Shift: The Great Vowel Shift happened in Modern English between 1500- 1800 which make some changes from Middle English to Modern English. Otto Jespersen is a Danish linguist and he is the discoverer of The Great Vowel Shift.
The English language has changed extremely in the last centuries. It was not only reflected in the grammar and vocabulary but also in spelling and pronunciation. English passed two stages, namely Old English, Middle English, and now is in a continual state of change that can be still traced as Modern English. The motivation of this paper is the historical development of consonants, their application and ability of differentiation and recognition of sounds through the periods. This work presents a useful framework for exploring differences and changes over the time.
And so, when William, the Duke of Normandy at the time, conquered England, he became the first Norman King of England. Conquering England plays out to be of great importance, as this event would shape the future for many years to come. And so, William the Conqueror plays a role of great importance in world history as his actions brought the Normans to England. Before he became William the Conqueror, his contemporaries referred to him William the Bastard, emphasizing his illegitimate birth. At the time of William’s birth, his father, Robert I, had not yet become the Duke of Normandy; people recognized him as the Count of Hiesmois.
The final shift towards their evolution, and the big culture bomb, started with the Norman invasion of Britain; this battle caused an influx of culture into a mainly homogenous society. It started in 1066 when William the Conqueror won at the Battle of Hastings (Delahoyde 1), took the British crown by force, and brought French language and its influence into the quaint British countryside (McIntyre 12). This French influence gave the final shove and created the next step towards a modern language; it provided a stepping-stone into becoming a more advanced society with a more advanced language. Without the French, there would be no evolution from Old English to Middle English. The differences between Old English and Middle English were drastic