The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is the reformation of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. (Cortiella, 2005) This law attempts to make educators accountable for all the children they teach. Children are tested yearly in grades 3-8 to ensure they are making adequate progress and learning. (John Salvia, 2010, p. 27) There is also funding provided for children in grades 3-8 for reading interventions. (John Salvia, 2010, p. 27) Instructions must be evidence based, (Powerpoint, 2010) meaning that there are studies to back up a teaching or intervention method that works.
No Child Left Behind Act President Bush quoted, “Clearly, our children are our future…Too many of our neediest children are being left behind” (www.ed.gov). The “No Child Left Behind” Act expands the federal government’s role in elementary and secondary education. The NCLB emphasizes accountability and abiding by policies set by the federal government. This law sets strict requirements and deadlines for states to expand the scope and frequency of student testing, restore their accountability system and guarantee that every classroom is staffed by a teacher qualified to teach in his or her subject area. Furthermore, the NCLB requires states to improve the quality of their schools from year to year.
After almost 15 years of this act being enforced, NCLB’s requirements support a one-size-fits-all framework, create a dumbed-down curriculum in schools, allow impoverished community schools to weaken, and lessened the financial support for all schools in the United States. George W. Bush signed the “No Child Left Behind Act” in 2001 in hopes to improve education and opportunity for low-come families. It was believed that this reform of the public education system would increase student achievement (Altshuler). It was the first education reform in over 35 years. Under this act, achievement is measured annually on a multiple-choice test for reading and math.
Will triple federal funding for reading programs, they only can be spend it on proven programs. 2. Require annual reading test for academic reasons D. Teacher quality ( according to educational institute of Iowa) 1. must put a highly qualified teacher in every class by 2005 2. reduce class size if not assigned a high quality teacher IV. Affects this has on Dubuque (according to Des Moines AP) A. City wide watch list 1. a warning 2. doesn’t mean schools are failing 3. fail to meet state requirements 4. testing procedures are not funded B.
On January 8, 2002, President George Bush signed into law The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which was a reauthorization of Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which was designed to help disadvantaged students achieve success in school (Editorial Projects in Education Research Center, 2011) The components of The No Child Left Behind included annual testing, academic progress, report cards, teacher qualifications, and funding changes. These measures were “designed to drive broad gains in student achievement and to hold states and schools more accountable for student progress” (Editorial Projects in Education Research Center, 2011, para. 3). NCLB also promised to close the achievement gap and increase student learning (Hursh 2007). By the year 2005-2006, the states were required to assess all students annually in grades 3-8, and these tests had to be aligned with the state standards (Editorial Projects in Education Research Center, 2011).
In The Death and Life of the American School System Ravitch criticized how the movement to reform education standards has turned into the movement of test taking. She has also advocated her concerns toward NCLB and how it has done more harm to America’s education system than improvement through television and radio interviews. Throughout her book The Death and Life of the American School System and her interview on the Daily Show with John Stewart Ravitch took a strong stance on the failure of the NCLB. For this paper I am going to be analyzing the different rhetorical strategies used in each source to make Ravitch’s argument on NCLB more persuasive to the audience. The book and interview both used different yet similar techniques to make the argument strong; however the reasons and evidence in each case can help to build a sturdier foundation for the other source.
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was a piece of legislation proposed by the administration of George W. Bush. The legislation required states to develop educational plans to address issues of assessments, standards, and accountability. Under the No Child Left Behind Act, states would have to administer tests yearly in reading, math, and science. No Child Left Behind holds school districts accountable for student achievement or lack of achievement. No Child Left Behind legislation is based on five major components: (1) accountability and results; (2) flexibility and local control of schools; (3) teaching methods based on scientific research; (4) options for parents; and (5) highly qualified teachers (Rosenberg, Westling, & McLeskey, 2011).
Advantages of No Child Left Behind President George Bush signed the ‘No Child left behind’ law in 2002. The intent of this law is to guarantee every student, in the American school system, is offered the same opportunities. There are many benefits NCLB offers to students in America’s schools. One benefit is an effort that supports learning in the early years, thereby preventing many learning difficulties that may arise in students, later in the learning process (Department of Education, 2004). For example, the National Institute of Health estimates that 15 percent of the U.S population has some type of learning disability (Department of Education, 2002, p.74).
They are supposed to bring all students up to the proficient level on their assessments by the 2013-2014 school years. Rebora (2004) also observed that the academic content and achievement standards define what all children should know in order to be considered proficient in each state (p. 2). These state assessments are a mechanism for checking whether schools have been successful in teaching students the knowledge and skills characterized by the content standards. In an article, titled “test and punish” in NEA Today, “the number of schools that missed Adequate Yearly Progress for two or more years reached 6, 794 or 12 percent of the schools in those states” (Lochert, 2004, p. 10). Although former Education Secretary, Rod Paige believes that results show that No Child Left Behind is working and test scores are rising, other officials say that the credit associated with the rising scores go to other factors.
America's To-Do List: #1- Fix Education Education is a fundamental aspect of any civilized nation. The goal of public education in America is to turn uninformed children into knowledgeable citizens who are fully capable of participating in a society driven by democracy and economics. Students drop out every year by the hundreds of thousands, and those who remain receive a less than satisfactory educational experience due to lack of funding, inadequate teachers, and flawed educational strategies. Americans must improve school funding and increase teacher pay to ensure all students receive quality primary and secondary education as well as reduce remediation and drop out rates through improved learning standards, effective assessment tools, and early-college initiatives that prepare students for college and the workforce. One major affliction of the American public education system is money, or the lack thereof, and the impact funding inequality has on educational quality.