Michelle Alexander. The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press, 2010.
When asked whether African Americans are still under a system of racial and social control, many Americans will argue that the abolition of slavery and the Jim Crow laws, through the civil rights movement, brought an end to systemic racism. Therefore, African Americans are now free. However, according to Michelle Alexander, this is far from the truth. She addresses the issues of African Americans being in a system of racial and social control in her book, The New Jim Crow. Published in the year 2010, The New Jim Crow is a non-fiction book that informs readers of the American history of slavery, Jim Crow laws, the War on Drugs, the criminal justice system, and the prejudices that black people still face in America. In her book, Alexander argues
By Michelle Alexander
I agree with the sociological perspective presented and identified by the group for the social artifact, which was the conflict perspective. The conflict perspective views this problem as a definition to a person’s social status because of how the person is viewed and treated by law enforcement. It explains that an act is not naturally a criminal act, it is society that defines it that way. Michelle Alexander talks about her new book called “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness”. A very evident social problem that the social artifact faces is the war on drugs currently in our society because it is exclusively fought about in poor communities.
In the article, “Jim Crow Policing” by Bob Herbert explains and talks to his readers about how the New York police Department needs to put an end in Jim Crow Policing. It also explains what Jim Crow Policing is and what the police usually does to people. Police everywhere discriminate people by their appearance. People that tend to be mistreated are African Americans or Hispanics. Cops stop citizens sometimes just randomly or other times for an actual reason of doing something wrong. “An overwhelming 84 percent of the stops in the first three-quarters of 2009 were of black or Hispanic New Yorkers.” Blacks and Hispanic had the most weapons and drugs found when being searched by cops and being arrested. Police also said “stop people for inappropriate
Through her appeals to emotion and credibility, as well as the exigency with which she writes with, author Michelle Alexander attempts to communicate to the reader the misconception that racism and segregation have been eradicated from modern American society. She gears her argument specifically toward the criminal justice system. She also expands upon the belief that there exists a racial caste system in the United States today. Her appeal to emotion helps her communicate the struggles of Black-Americans to the reader, allowing them to empathize with these individuals and the daily hardships they experience due to the society’s perception of them. Alexander writes with an exigency that is evident throughout the entirety of the publication,
The mass incarceration system has continuously oppressed, used, and devalued people of color since the era of slavery. Slavery started when there was a demand in labor to aid the production of crops such as tobacco, and African slaves were brought over to the United States. This is where the evolution began behind the concept of race, and the idea around white supremacy began to spread. In 1865, the thirteenth amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. By law, African Americans were “free” but were still inferior to white people. The birth of Jim Crow laws started in 1865, and implemented the state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern states. In the 1950’s and 60’s, the
Michelle Alexander New York Times Best-selling Author of The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness visited UNC Asheville to give a sit-down questionnaire debate. The debate took place on January 18th, 2018 in the Sherril Center in the Kimmel Arena. This event was part of UNC Asheville MLK week activities, where Michelle Alexander was the keynote speaker. The debate was comprised of forty minutes set of questions giving a debate leader than a twenty-minute open floor time where members of the audience could ask questions. The program was incredibly successful in showcasing the implication of her book and the issue with the recent banning of her book.
There are always certain social problems that take part in our communities. Some of us may not experience it first hand, but all of us should acknowledge the fact that our greatest social problem is still looming till this day. In Michelle Alexander 's work, Drug War Nightmare: How We Created a Massive Racial Caste System in America, she talks about the social problem of inequality and discrimination in America. From being an African American to being a law professor and experience as a clerk for a Supreme Court justice, so it can give a reader a sense of comfort knowing that she knows what she is talking about. Alexander uses several methods of using logical and emotional appeals to the readers so they can get a glimpse of this national issue. She points out that there is a "New Jim Crow system" in the country that discriminates minorities in the legal system today and how it is a real problem that has a huge impact on American citizen 's lives.
In Michelle Alexander’s book, The New Jim Crow, she ties the history of the United States with social issues that exist between races in the modern era, including examples of the racial caste system, racial segregation, and white privilege. Although there are many thoughts on how America is a patriotic and free institution, Alexander’s view of the American history shows that white elitists will “rise to the occasion” to retake order and control over those who dare challenge their way of life, ensuring chaos amongst both sides. According to Alexander, the racial caste system in America never ceases but rather adapts. Alexander describes America’s history as a “story of the political and economic underpinnings of the nation’s founding which sheds
“The New Jim Crow” is an article by Michelle Alexander, published by the Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law. Michelle is a professor at the Ohio State Moritz college of criminal law as well as a civil rights advocate. Ohio State University’s Moritz College of Law is part of the world’s top education system, is accredited by the American Bar Association, and is a long-time member of the American Law association. The goal of “The New Jim Crow” is to inform the public about the issues of race in our country, especially our legal system. The article is written in plain English, so the common person can fully understand it, but it also remains very professional. Throughout the article, Alexander provides factual information about racial issues in our country. She relates them back to the Jim Crow era and explains how the large social problem affects individual lives of people of color all over the country. By doing this, Alexander appeals to the reader’s ethos, logos, and pathos, forming a persuasive essay that shifts the understanding and opinions of all readers.