The New Deal Was a Total Failure as a Response to the Great Depression

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The New Deal Was a Total Failure as a Response to the Great Depression The Great Depression during the interwar years had disastrous effects on American society and the economy. In the United States and many nations, mass unemployment and poverty, bank and business failures were a major problem. In 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt attempted to improve the situation by introduced his 'New Deal' programme that was to provide economic relief and reform. The main aims were to reduce the mass unemployment and improve the American economic situation with the introduction of new government policies and agencies. This essay will discuss the policies that were introduced and the impact that these had within the areas that they were applied. There were positive and negative responses to the New Deal legislation and has been defended and criticised for the effects on American society. Therefore, it will consider the view that despite the achievements of the New Deal, it was unsuccessful as resulted in less personal gain and encouraged a state economy. During the interwar years, there was a demand for consumer goods such as domestic appliances and automobiles. America experienced an increase in production, providing employment for the masses. The introduction of credit facilities, whereby money was not necessary to possess these luxuries, the opportunity to acquire such items increased. Despite the growth in new industry, traditional forms of employment, including that of agriculture, declined and resulted in a weakness in the economy.[1] The boom in the new industrial sector was not to continue, consumption reduced, and the growth in... ... middle of paper ... ...W.W. Norton --------------------------------------------------------------------- [1] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p428 [2] Tindall, G., B., Shi, D., E., 2004, p1116 [3] Quint, H., Cantor, M., Albertson, D., 1978, pp260-261 [4] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p444 [5] Blum, J., M., et al., 1993, p695 [6] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p445 [7] Tindall, G., B., Shi, D., E., 2004, p1121 [8] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p445 [9] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p459 [10] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p452 [11] Tindall, G., B., Shi, D., E., 2004, p1129 [12] Quint, H., Cantor, M., Albertson, D., 1978, p263 [13] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p455 [14] Tindall, G., B., Shi, D., E., 2004, p1137 [15] Devine, R., A., et al., 1994, p452 [16] Blum, J., M., et al., 1993, pp722-723
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