The New Deal

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There are two interesting plans that come to mind in American history, the “Great Society” founded by Lyndon Johnson and the “New Deal” ideas founded by Franklin Roosevelt. The longing for both social ideas grew from intense eras in history. The “Great Society” was a response to prosperity and the “New Deal”, which was a response to the Great Depression.
In both instances, the government was used to enhance society and social welfare and improve the United States economically, socially, and politically. They founded government sponsored employment programs, gave government funding to the arts, provided federal encouragement to build housing and passed federal legislation to help the elderly.(3)

In the 1965, State of the Union address, President Lyndon Johnson outlined the goals of ”the Great Society,” which was a set of programs designed to advance civil rights and aid those in poverty. “The great society rests on abundance and liberty for all. It demands an end to poverty and racial injustice, to which we are totally committed in our time.”(1) He called for “new, improved or bigger programs in attacking physical and mental disease, urban blight, water and air pollution, and crime and delinquency.”(1)

The “Great Society” legislation included many programs created under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, which established jobs and youth volunteer programs as well as Head Start (pre-school education for poor children). Johnson’s social welfare legislation also formed Medicare and Medicaid, which offered health care services for citizens over 65 and low-income citizens for the first time in history.(1) In addition, the Great Society included the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 196...

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...ign policy and national defense.(3)

Parts of theses societies did have a lasting impact, however, most importantly the civil rights legislation, the creation of the Medicare and Medicaid programs and the impact made towards women’s suffrage. The “New Deal” revolution helped safeguard the Constitution with permanent reforms such as Social Security, FDIC, TVA, and SEC.(2)

Work Cited

(1) "Jan. 4, 1965 | Lyndon Johnson Outlines ‘Great Society’ Plans." The Learning Network Jan 4

1965 Lyndon Johnson Outlines Great Society Plans Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec.


(2)"AP US History: The Study Guide." : Final Exam. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

(3)"Roosevelt’s New Deal." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

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