White performers were used for the popularization of jazz music in America. Even though the jazz movement was taken over by the middle class white population, it facilitated the blend of African American traditions with the white middle class society. Cities like New York and Chicago were cultural centers for jazz, and especially for African American artists. Some famous black artists of the time were Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. Jazz was not always enjoyed and liked by most, at one time people t... ... middle of paper ... ...us, or insecure about.
The twentieth century is one of the most revolutionary time periods for the United States along with the rest of the world. Many aspects of American culture took great steps forward during this time frame. One aspect in particular, the field of music, really began to take off in the early 1900s. American music was impacted in many ways by historical events, innovations, and individual people. Thanks to a long series of events including the drive and determination of many young artists, the unique style of music known as jazz was able to emerge and thrive throughout the mid-twentieth century.
Jazz is a form of art that brought American’s together during turbulent times, for example, the youth effected society with their rebellious acts, the blacks had a voice in the world, and middle-class whites fought traditionalism. The world was being molded by jazz, the music created by African Americans, whom were former slaves. Jazz was such a compelling movement in the 1920’s, it was so compelling that it united an entire
This is why African-Americans have been called the pioneers of jazz. Jazz has been relatively free of constraints. It is usually improvised, but many times it is not. It is usually considered as music characterized by a rhythmic feel or influenced by the blues. Throughout the history of jazz, there have been people of other races and ethnicities involved in its creation.
Ironically, it is nearly impossible to find the pinpoint of where jazz got started. Many early types of music, such as: Blues, Afro-Latin Caribbean rhythms, work songs, Protestant church hymns, Jewish songs, silly contemporary tunes, English and Irish dance music, gospel and spiritual, and ragtime, all went into the creation of jazz. A lot of credit goes to the African Americans for the creation of jazz. (Taborelli, Giorgio). “Jazz was born out of the cultural experience of African Americans and can be traced in a direct line to the slave songs of the plantations through the Negro Spirituals, Ragtime, and the Blues”("Jazz Musicians as Cultural Intermediaries”).The 18th Amendment, or the ban of alcohol also fueled new opportunities for jazz to begin.
Segregation and racism in the 1920s was mundane for the average African American, but as they put that aside they were respected by many whites. The rise of the jazz age was due to the prohibition of alcohol. People were selling alcohol illegally and many African Americans began playing music known as the jazz age. Many white folks came to watch famous African musicians play in secret clubs called the cotton club. In the 1920s when there was prohibition and racism, many African Americans had to deal with discrimination, and segregation between the whites.
It took time for jazz to gain back its recognition after the stock market crash. While afro-american musicians were making and performing music to support themselves and their families they had no idea the influence they were having on music. Not only did jazz have a heavy influence on the culture during the 1920’s but also had an enormous impact in the fashion industry. “The flapper fashions ostensibly illustrate the importance of jazz to the consumer market of the Jazz Age. Because of the post-war economic boom, the consumer market was enormous, and the fashion industry followed the demands of the new and rising American youth culture.”( ) Jazz music was becoming the face of this rising culture in the United States, and within this culture came a new era of fashion.
The change was driven by the deep, persuasive shift in the American spirit. The country was anxious to recover what it lost during the Depression. Ellington’s jazz creations were unknown and alien to the world, however, Ellington received the chance to succeed at the Cotton Club. The results of Ellington’s achievements at the Cotton Club were extensive, leading him to success and to national fame. The reasons for his outcome need to be revealed because Ellington was one of the most important figures in the era of jazz.
The Roaring Twenties were a time of prosperity, happiness, liveliness, and new ways. One of the many new ideas that were introduced was jazz music. Jazz fit the atmosphere perfectly, with it's upbeat and exciting sounds. Although jazz seemed to be a new world-wide obsession, there were people who saw it in a different light, one that was a lot darker, perhaps even evil. These people had negative opinions about the music, and saw it as a, "cause of loosening morals and frightening dislocation".
Jazz music was a phenomenon that once it hit America, America would never be the same. The jazz age forever changed lifestyles of young men and women by introducing Jazz, which changed the way Americans played and listened to music, and got rid of the old social convention of the previous generations. Jazz is a style of music that has been around for a while. It was first played in New Orleans around the end of the 19th century but its influences eventually spread through the entire world. Jazz finds its roots in other styles of music like ragtime, blues, and brass band music, but jazz is very unique.