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The Negative Effects Of Solitary Prisonation In Prisons

explanatory Essay
1427 words
1427 words
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Thousands of people statewide are in prisons, all for different reasons. However, the amount of mental illness within prisons seems to go unaddressed and ignored throughout the country. This is a serious problem, and the therapy/rehabilitation that prison systems have do not always help those who are mentally ill. Prison involvement itself can contribute to increased suicide (Hills, Holly). One ‘therapy’ that has increased throughout the years has been the use of solitary confinement, which has many negative effects on the inmates. When an inmate has a current mental illness, prior to entering into the prison, and it goes undiagnosed and untreated, the illness can just be worsened and aggravated. Mental illness can be described in a variety …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that mental illness in prisons goes unaddressed and ignored throughout the country. prison involvement itself can contribute to increased suicide.
  • Describes mental illness as impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic or other factors, such as infection or head trauma. overcrowding is a complex phenomenon.
  • Explains that super-max prisons use solitary confinement as both a form of punishment and therapy.
  • Explains that solitary confinement can cause anxiety, depression, anger, cognitive turmoil, hallucinations, obsession, and fixation. it is inhumane and should be called torture.
  • Explains that death row inmates are often overlooked in the mental health area, as they suffer from brain trauma, physical and/or sexual abuse. james johnson, a vietnam veteran, suffered from post traumatic stress disorder.
  • Explains gallemore and panton's 1972 study of death row inmates showed high feelings of depression and hopelessness, yet severe disturbances were not observed.
  • Opines that inmates/offenders entering into the prison system need to be screened for mental health and substance abuse disorders. screenings would help identify individuals who could potentially hurt or endanger themselves and others.
  • Explains that some prisons have rehabilitation programs for inmates that need it, but the therapy sometimes doesn't help. brandy lee's strict program in san francisco jails reduced violent re-offences by over 50 percent.
  • Opines that medication can help inmates with severe mental illnesses, but staff won't try to offer different medication or therapy if an inmate refuses it. treatment for those who are mentally ill needs to be more serious in prisons.
  • Explains that the eighth amendment applies to inmates with severe mental illnesses. it is not acceptable or humane to not give the proper treatment to those who are mentally ill or mentally unstable.
  • Opines that prison systems need to be more mindful and aware of those with severe mental illnesses because it affects everybody, not just the inmates.
  • Opines that all prisons need to take mental illnesses more seriously. solitary confinement is a dangerous way of therapy, and tends to only have negative effects on the inmate.

Solitary confinement does not help challenging prisoners in the long run. Solitary confinement actually has the potential to cause inmates to lose their ability to control and manage their anger. If an inmate continues to be violent, the result is a longer time in solitary confinement. Solitary confinement is inhumane and should be called torture. Putting and keeping an individual in solitary confinement puts them at a very serious risk of developing a mental illness, which may not be recoverable. Solitary confinement causes many effects that range in severity; it is not something that inmates should be subjected to …show more content…

Inmates/offenders entering into the prison system need to be screened for mental health and substance abuse disorders. Screening and evaluations for mental illnesses would help to identify individuals who could potentially hurt or endanger themselves and others. Screenings would also help to determine if an inmate is able to function in the prison system or not. If the inmate cannot function in the prison system then it could help to see if should be transferred to a mental health facility. Mental health and substance abuse screenings are beneficial for many reasons and need to be put into prisons and jails. Although, some prisons do have some rehabilitation programs for the inmates that need it, the therapy sometimes does not help. More than half of prisoners reoffend within at least three years of leaving prisons. Those who reoffend tend to have more severe and more aggressive offenses than previously. A man by the name of Brandy Lee has shown that by having a very strict program in prisons with violent offenders in San Francisco jails reduced the amount of violence in jails. The program also helped to reduce the rate of violent re-offences after leaving the jail by over 50

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