Trying juveniles as adults is too severe, because the charges set against them are unjust. Instead, these children could be rehabilitated and become productive citizens. Sending them to prison will make them vulnerable to deadly danger, and destroy any chance of changing, flourishing and returning to society. Every year, juvenile’s courts in the United States handle an estimated 1.7 million cases in which the youth was charged with a delinquency offense. In 2007 juvenile courts handled about 4,600 delinquency cases per day.
Recently, they have come to the conclusion that children between the ages of 16 and 18 who commit adult crimes should be tried and sentenced as adults. After researching information and cases of minors being tried as adults, I have concluded that if minor offenders were punished in the same degree as adult offenders are, the number of minors committing crimes might be reduced significantly. While it is not appropriate for these individuals to be placed in the same facilities as adult offenders, they should receive the same degree of punishment in a younger environment. These perpetrators are protected by a lenient and highly outdated juvenile system and violent youths have taken advantage of this system. In some jurisdictions, a child may have to commit 10 to 15 serious crimes before anything is actually done.
There are more poor children then ever and the violence laden media glorifies violent behavior,” reported Thomas Geraghty who has been a juvenile lawyer for many years. “Put such at-risk-children together with the availability of guns, and you have an explanation for the relatively few, but lethal, highly publicized, and tragic acts of young people.” (Geraghty, p.363). Geraghty goes on to suggest that placing children in jail is only placing a band-aid on a larger issue at hand. The bottom line is that the support systems that were once available to children at home no longer exist as prevalent as they once did. Education, community outlets, and alternatives to formal prison are all suggestions for getting our juvenile offenders out of a predestined life of failure.
However, studies show that short term punishments imposed on young offenders in adult courts propagates the offenders to commit even more crimes that are serious after their sentence terminates. This results from interactions with other crimes bearer behind bars who are convicted for far much worse crimes than they are. In addition the young offenders continued to commit crimes at a higher rate and more often than earlier on (Shari, page 1). Another study seeking to establish effective deterrence to delinquency found out that most states transfer youths aged fourteen years and above, who have committed serious violent offenses to adult court systems. Many of the states apply the th... ... middle of paper ... ...ing with young minds and punishing them in juvenile courts may be of advantage to the young people and at the same time reduce propagating them into developing a violent future in criminal activities.
Juvenile delinquency, it is also known as teenage crime. It is like any crime that human beings commit but these crimes differ because they are committed by young people. Before coming of age girls and boys have less understanding of the world. Parents, friends and teachers are all responsible along with the juvenile who commit a crime. This is why courts do not punish the teenagers like they punish the adults when they commit a crime.
It is true that teens sent to an adult prison disciplines them. There are many cases that involve murders, rapists, and other criminals that are being released from trials without being tried as an adult. Teenagers should be able to know the difference ... ... middle of paper ... ...in jail for a long period of time may lead them into becoming better criminals. Anna Aizer of Brown University and Joseph Doyle of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology researched and compared lives of imprisoned teenagers and non-imprisoned, and how it affected them in life. In their research they found out that young offenders who were incarcerated were sixty-seven percent more likely to be in jail by the age of 25 than similar young offenders who didn't go to prison.
For example, teens that are detained can provide information about other crimes, can have an impact in social conditions, and serve as experience; however, it can be negative because teens are still not mature enough for that experience, they are exposed to adult criminals; and they will lose out on getting an education. One of the advantages of detaining teens as adults is that they are taken into custody and questioned for information about any other clubs or gangs with whom they might be involved. There are some programs trying to track down gangs; on of these is the National Gang Center (NGC). “The NGC is the first gang survey in the country that annually catch an average of 300 gang members from teen evidence.” (Howell, 52) Having programs and organizations like this has helped a lot by putting criminals behind bars and straightening them out. Another positive thing about trying juveniles as adults is that those juveniles are taken from their neighborhood, and by doing this it opens the eyes of other teens who are around watching everything that happens.
Every year, children as young as thirteen and fourteen are sentenced to die in prison in the United States. Judges rule these sentences without considering factors such as age and life circumstances. According to studies, there are about 2000 children serving juvenile sentences in the United States (Nellis 30). Further, Studies indicated that 25 percent of the young individuals serving life without parole were convicted accomplice liability, meaning they may not have committed the crime or may not know the primary perpetrators of the crime (Steinberg and Scott 54). All this happens despite the global consensus that children should not handle the same way as adults.
A 1998 study by the Little Hoover commission proved that prison education program in Florida, Illinois, Alabama and New York decreased repeat offense rates and raised employment. I believe that prison education is important because the majority of these juveniles imprisoned never got the chance to experience a quality education in the first place. I also believe that without a quality education a juvenile is more likely going to make the wrong decisions in hi... ... middle of paper ... ...ds are easily influenced by the drugs and violence and usually begin to engage in the two. Most juveniles become addicted to the lifestyle of ignorance and unawareness and become prime candidates for imprisonment. I believe that positive environments and role models are significant factors when dealing with the out come of an individual, and most of these juveniles who are incarcerated in the Plainfield Juvenile Correctional Facility lack them both.
Their stories and precautions show just how dangerous prison life is. For example, one person discussed how to never take a present another convict offers them, because that might lead to unwanted advances. A teen can face many long-term consequences in prison. Studies have proven the brain of a minor doesn’t comprehend time in jail like the brain of an adult (“Pros and Cons of Juveniles Being Tried As Adults”). Adults will probably occupy their jail time processing the crime they committed, which causes them to feel guilt and want to repent.