Why were these stopped? “It’s those damn tree-huggers again.” Reintroducing Wolves into the southwest is the biggest mistake the government has made in several years. Farmers and ranchers suffer some of the most losses from wolves out of anyone in our society. For one, the wolves eat cattle, which is some rancher’s only means of income. Yes, there are programs which reimburse ranchers for their losses, but the raising calves to cows, feeding them, and immunizing them is more money than one wants to put out for one animal if it isn’t your income.
The Environmentalists, however, also have evidence supporting their side. They first attack the ranchers’ claim of wolf depredation of livestock by claiming that the cost to ranchers is virtually zero. Environmentalists are right in that the wolf kill a very small percentage of the farmer’s livestock. In 2009, 97 cattle were killed in the state of Montana. Government statistics show that 2.6 million live in Montana, meaning only a miniscule %.004 of cattle was killed.
There is now a greater awareness among people that the killing by wolves of deer and other prey species, which we may want for ourselves, is not a sufficient reason for the extermination of wolves. Sometimes populations of game animals are critically low, so on biological grounds wolf control could be justified; however, control programs are always opposed by ever-increasing urban populations. Proposed wolf culls have become major political issues in many areas in North America. When controls are carried out, they need to be done to meet certain criteria, which are based on sound scientific information and stewardship of wildlife populations. In the wilderness scheme of things wolves play an important role.
This stress limits the animals’ ability to eat sufficiently and store the fat and energy they need t... ... middle of paper ... ...act, a fraction of the wild animal population is specially directed to be killed. Because of this hunting actually causes overpopulation and ecological disturbance. While hunters believe they control the populations of the animals they kill, natural predators, wolves, bears, and mountain lions , are the actual ecosystem managers, if they too are not hunted. Hunting is a huge problem in the world that is over looked by many. It kills millions of defenseless animals every year and wounds even more.
The following factors are responsible for their decline. Hunting, loss of habitat, and just plain apathy on part of the public to preserve the bio diversity of our land. During 1994/95, a total of 19,430 bear hunting licenses were issued to both residential and non-residential people. There were 3,790 so-called legal bear kills in BC alone. It is estimated that out of every one legally killed bear be it grizzly or black two are killed illegally by poachers primarily just for their paws, head, gall bladder, and reproductive organs.
Another problem is that some taxpayers are against the reintroduction because it cost them money to get the wolves back into the park. Another issue for taxpayers is that they have to pay for the damage the wolves do to the farmer’s animals. The pro for the reintroduction is the ecosystem is healthier. With the reintroduction, the wolf hunts sick deer and elk. The weak are sorted out and the strong survive.
For instance, deer populations have been on the rise in the last many years and if it weren’t for widespread deer hunting they would over run many forests and possibly destroy much of the land inhabited by other creatures. Bears have also flourished in the last many years and many die due to a lack of food, in the words of David Von Drehle “Slow starvation is no happier a way for a bear to die than by a hunter’s arrow or bullet”. There are invasive species present in the United States that many people, state, and local governments want controlled or eradicated. The Feral Hog is the best example of that, these animals tear through many different areas in a short amount of time. These animals uproot trees, eat any and all food they can find, and dig up burrows of other animals the live in t... ... middle of paper ... ...nters want a guide that is local and knows the land and animals so hunters are willing to spend a lot of money in order to have a successful hunting trip.
But as settlers pursued them for food and market hunters slaughtered them with snares, traps, and set guns, the deer population underwent a disastrous decline. By 1900, only 400,000 whitetails remained. What happened ever since 1900 has truly become a huge conservation success story. Through a massive effort by sportsmen and wildlife managers, market hunting was outlawed, sport-hunting regulations were established, and habitat improvement programs began. Because of the efforts of these concerned people the whitetail population has risen to around 20 million.
This is a misdemeanor. Wolves hunt deer, rabbits, moose, and other animals (“Wolf”). Because most of the animals they hunt are in fact larger than them, the sickly, inferior, or downright small are targeted since wolves track then kill prey up to ten times their size with their teeth(“All about Wolves”). This makes the hunted animals population stronger. While wolf hunting habits are a prime example of natural selection, human hunters are the opposite.
The general public needs to dig deeper than the newspaper in order to get real facts on wolf issues. What needs to be considered is the biological proof of wolf kill issues and then that information put side by side with hunter kill statistics. Once you do the math you can see that a single wolf eats a ton of meat every year, that being 5-10 pounds of meat a day. It hunts daily every day of the year, it has no limited or regulated season the way human hunters do and it takes a lot of wild game to fill up just one wolf thus decreasing a species population quickly. Hunters have seasons that are strategically set to make sure population reproduction is not effected drastically.