The Negative Effects Of Global Warming And Climate Change

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Carbon dioxide is an important gas that is vital for plant life. This compound is made of a carbon atom and two oxygen atoms. Only 0.0397 of the atmosphere is composed of carbon dioxide. Even though carbon dioxide only makes up a small percentage of the atmosphere, lately increases in the amount carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere have shown to cause an adverse effect on the earth. The rise in amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has caused the earth’s temperature to steadily rise. The term used to describe this effect is called global warming or climate change. Climate change is not something new. Over the past nine hundred thousand years the atmosphere has gone through extended periods of global warming and global cooling. These…show more content…
Earth’s temperature is greatly influenced by the amount of sunlight that reaches the earth, but recent studies have shown that the sun’s solar output has decreased in the past decades. Evidence to support this claim is that the troposphere (innermost layer of the atmosphere) has gotten warmer while the mesosphere (third layer of the atmosphere) has gotten cooler. If the sun was the only cause of global warming, the atmosphere would be getting hotter from top to bottom which is not the case because it’s getting hotter from bottom to top. The greenhouse effect also plays a key role in the Earth’s climate. The greenhouse effect occurs when solar radiation absorbed by the
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