Taylor, Michael R. “Rethinking US Leadership In Food Biotechnology.” Nature Biotechnology 21.8 (2003): 852-854. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2011.
Throughout the twentieth century, farmers use techniques to strengthen plants to ensure greater food productivity. One of the early forms of genetically modified foods are hybrid plants. By breeding two of the strongest plants together, scientists are able to obtain a stronger offspring. As science progressed with Watson’s discovery of DNA, biologists were able to identify certain genes that would be desired. Today, foods are genetically modified through experiments with the insertion of genes administered through a needle or breeding. Genetically modified foods should be produced as they allow the fruit or vegetable to withstand certain diseases leading to more production, benefits the consumer due to increased nutritional value, and provide scientists with new mixtures of nutrients to contribute to medicine.
Genetically modified foods are found in almost every store and are very common in America. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is a very controversial and heated topic in the agricultural industry. Humans first began to genetically alter organisms and crops in the 1990’s and began to be widely used in the early 2000’s. This new technology has scared many uninformed people who fear change and new agricultural techniques. GMO fearing individuals need to realize the benefits of GMO’s; genetically altered crops are the future of agriculture. Genetically altered crops are essential because of today's growing population, safe, cheap technology, and the many examples of successful crops.
You may know about the emerging field of biotechnology - the medicine, the ethics, the DNA, the Human Genome, etc. But few realize the emergence of its agricultural branch, and the international conflict that has arisen from it. It may apply to you more than you thought, for half of the soybean products and a quarter of the corn you ate in 1999 may have been genetically modified (Kaufman A6). Genetically modified crops (commonly referred to as GMOs) are crops whose characteristics have been altered to produce a favorable trait, whether it be prolonged freshness, a more attractive appearance, or pesticide resistance (Activist 1). Genetic alteration is the act of inserting a gene, which contains specific DNA (usually from another species), into an organism so that it will produce a protein to create a specific trait. Many have argued over the ethical appropriateness of the issue, but this time new concerns come into view. Many consumers all over the world are worried about human safety, environmental preservation, and international trade.
The debate over whether to keep the production genetically modified organisms, or to cease it all together. They help many countries around the world with low food sources, due to climate and other hindrances. With GMO’s aiding countries in need, it will have a helping hand for the availability of more food. These crops and livestock promote ideal solutions to nutrition, world hunger and the environment. With all that being said, GMO foods are one of the most frowned upon food sources in the world. We asked the question “How Does the Ever-Increasing Need for GMO’s affect the Food Industry in the States, and Abroad?” And what are some of the pros, cons, and ways of containment of GMO’s?
Many people today are often amazed by the amount of nutrition and health information required for humans. The constant stream of genetic modification of food can be confusing. Genetically modified (GM) foods are plants and animals that have had their genetic makeup artificially altered by scientists to make them grow faster, taste better, last longer and to provide more nutrients. Scientists make these alternations by transferring genes from one organism into another in order to change the condition or character of the receiving organism. This process is known as biotechnology or genetic engineering (GE), and it has revolutionized the way that agriculture is practiced in many parts of the world. Researchers are now able to use GE technology to create “better” versions of milk, tomatoes, corn, soybeans and other food products that have been consumed by Humans for centuries.
Congress hereby finds and declares that genetically modified foods should require labeling and identification because the functions of genetic manipulation are only partially understood and may cause critical harm. For years, genetically modified food has been a challenging controversial problem among the world. There are numbers of dispute between the advantages and disadvantage in the food production of using genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Genetically modified organisms are organisms whose genetic material have been altered by taking genes from one species and inserting them into another in an attempt to obtain a desired trait that the original species did not have. Many countries around the world have banned the production of GMOs in their nation. United States does not only NOT ban GMOs but manufacturers are not required to identify or label a GMOs product. The public should have the right to know what they are consuming. Genetically modified food can also increase human health risk and impact the environment negatively.
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Three words (or letters) that can incite arguments between even the most rational individuals. However this paper is not a discussion on the safety, or lack thereof, of GMOs. Instead, it looks at the costs versus benefits of labeling genetically modified foods. Technically genetically modified (GM) means “any change to the heritable traits of an organism achieved by intentional manipulation” (Premanandh 37). Though when using the designation genetically modified in reference to food, it commonly refers to the transgenic modification of the organism’s genome in a laboratory for the purpose of enhancing desirable traits. These desirable traits can be increased resistance to pesticides and herbicides, improved growth under drought conditions, improved nutritional contents, and pest resistance. The first GMOs were developed for the industrial production of medicinal products in the late 1980s (Premanandh 37). By 1996 the first GMOs were grown for public consumption and today GM corn, cotton, oilseed rape (canola), and soybeans are widely available to consumers in the United States (Federici 519). Widespread use and consumption of GMOs throughout the past decade has caused an increased level of concern over the safety of GMOs. These concerns have led numerous states in the past several years to consider legislation to implement mandatory GMO labeling requirements. I however, do not think there should be mandatory GMO food labeling in the US; there are not enough demonstrable benefits of mandatory labeling to make it an economically viable option.
GM food has generated polemic debate amongst: governmental regulators, biotechnology companies, scientists, economic activists, environmentalists and consumers. The main areas of controversy correlated to GM food are the neutrality of scientific examination and publication, the results of GM crops on the environment and health and the role of the crops in feeding the world population.
Throughout history food has always been a major need in order for human survival. However, in the recent decades human population on earth has made food supplies short in some nations, while others have a one hundred percent import market, with no deport at all, in their food markets. This has led to an increase in food experimentation within research labs to make food genetically able to grow faster, to being able to produce a larger quantity of foods from one seed. These times of crops and food have become known as genetically modified food. Genetically modified foods are essentially foods that have been manipulated in research labs by chemicals and toxins to provide results needed to satisfy customers and corporations; however, these chemical and toxins can also lead to health problems and alter some aspects of daily life for consumers.