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The Need for New Management Models in Human Resources

Powerful Essays
Thesis Statement: Advances in technology along with shifts in the nations’ social structure heavily impact the workplace environment, creating a need for new management models in Human Resources.

I. The Changing Workplace

A. An Historical Perspective of Jobs in America

B. Jobs in the 21st Century

II. Identifying Corporate Needs

A. The Emergence of Human Resource Management as a Component of General Management.

B. Corporate Expectations

III. Developing Human Resource Policy

A. What HRM Professionals Have to Say

IV. Identifying Worker Needs

A. Family VS Work

B. The Working Environment

C. Benefits and Compensation

V. Where to From Here? - HRM Models for Innovation

A. Motivation Theory

B. Alternate Work Systems - a Comparrison Table

This paper is written from the perspective that Human Resource Management (HRM) practices are continually evolving to meet the changes of dynamic work environments. New technologies, increasingly rapid exchanges of information, social paradigm shifts and the restructuring of family systems contribute heavily to the need to find and apply methods of HRM that meet the needs of industry, workers and consumers. To do so effectively, vision and creativity are required in addition to on-going awareness of the bottom line.

The Changing Workplace

At the opening of the 20th century, the majority of jobs in America were held in two areas, agriculture and industry. Population distribution tables for that time demonstrate that most of the nation inhabited rural areas rather than urban areas. This continued to be the trend up until WWII, when men left the country to fight and women left rural America to fill factory jobs as their contribution to the war effort. This movement was the beginning of nationwide workplace and societal changes that have accelerated during the last half of the 20th century.

The move from rural to suburban environments changed the way we did business as a nation. Where extended families resided in and supported each other in culturally defined rural settings, nuclear families found themselves alone in homogenous neighborhoods. (1) This created a demand for goods and services that were formerly provided by extended family and community members, opening up new markets and creating jobs. It ...

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Biblography

Primary Sources

Collected Documents

Nybor, Jan. Navy Times, 14 Sept. 1994

Pritchard, DeLao, Von Bergen, "A Feild Test of Expectancy - Valence Incentive Motivation Techniques," Organizational Behavior and Human Performance vol.15

Herzberg, Fredrick, "One More Time: How Do You Motivate Your Employees?" Harvard Business Review vol. 47

Electronic References

US Bureau of Statistics Data Base

Books

Glenn, H. Stephen, Developing Capable People, Rockland CA: Prima Press 1989

Isenberg, Martin "A Short History of Human Resource Management," Strategic Human Resource Management Readings, (January 1994) University of Massachusetts Press

Drucker, Peter F., Management Challenges for the 21st Century, New York: Harper-Collins, 1999

Dessler, Gary , Personnel Management, 4th Edition, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1988

Kalleberg, R.P. Social Perspectives on Labor Markets, New York: Academic Press, 1991

Vroom, Victor H. Work and Motivation, New York: Wiley, 1964

Tushman & O'Rielly, Winning Through Innovation, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1997
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