Kennedy's Fixation with Cuba by Thomas G. Paterson Thomas G. Paterson's essay, "Kennedy's Fixation with Cuba," is an essay primarily based on the controversy and times of President Kennedy's foreign relations with Cuba. Throughout President Kennedy's short term, he devoted the majority of his time to the foreign relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union. After the struggle of WW II, John F. Kennedy tried to keep a tight strong hold over Cuba as to not let Cuba turn to the Communist Soviet Union. Kennedy seen Cuba and the Soviet Union as a major threat to the United States. As Castro fell farther and farther into the Communist party, he inched his way closer and closer to becoming a close ally with the Soviet's, As Kennedy seen this happen before his eyes, he was astonished.
The general idea underlying Response to Revolution is the evolution of the U.S.’s opinion of the Cuban revolution from good to bad. Yet to understand this, the author shows that it is first important to understand the events and attitudes that took place between the U.S. and Cuba in the years between 1958-1961. At the onset of the Cuban revolution we find that the U.S. government supported the Batista regime and that while it was technically a democracy it reinforced bitter class differences. Eventually various factions united under Castro and the Batista government was overthrown. While the United States for the most part stayed out of this war and even cut off arm sales to Batista before his overthrow, Welch shows that by then it was to late for the U.S. to ever create a good relationship with Cuba.
Kennedy added to the Truman and Eisenhower’s doctrines by introducing his “flexible response” policy, whose ultimate goal was to reduce the possible use nuclear weapons while preventing other countries from using them. This policy is meant to give the president more flexible options of dealing with the opposition. President Kennedy Flexible response was his approach to increase spending on conventional military forces, enlarged the nuclear arsenal, continue the CIA covert work, giving economic aid to countries to resist communism including the development of the Peace Corps, and the continued negotiations with the USSR. Relations between the United States and Cuba had been steadily declining since Castro seized power in early 1959. The U.S. officials were convinced that Castro's government was too anti-American to be trusted, and they feared that he might lead Cuba into the communist alliance.
In April Kennedy received reports that the invasion failed which boosted Castro's prestige and embarrassed Kennedy of his new presidency. When the Bay of Bigs disastrously ended it built up confidence for the soviets and Castro and lowered Kennedy into a worriment of what's to happen next. Early 1962 Khrushchev was convinced of Kennedy's weakness after the capture of Gary Powers and that they had ceased to carry out U-2 reconnaissance missions over the Soviet Union for the capture. A while after the Vienna Summit the Soviets formed yet another policy with Cuba of 'Brinkmanship' seeing how far the Americans could be pushed before reacting. Although this strategy was a dangerous one the Soviets were thinking of the opportunities that could arise from this.
Is the Cuban Embargo a cruel reminder of the Cold war, or is it an important factor of American Democracy fighting the spread of Communism? The Cuban Embargo was a declaration issued by American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The embargo was issued because of the threat that the Communist government of Cuba, led by Fidel Castro in 1959, had on American security, assets and democracy at the height of the Cold War. Some 1.8 billion worth of industrial assets were lost with Cuban communist nationalization. (Mr. D’Angelo personal interview) In support, constant influence of the Soviet Union during the early 1960s, particularly the time between 1961 and 1962, led to the creation of the embargo.
Still, the multifaceted and half a century old sanctions failed to bring democracy and freedom to the people of Cuba, and now it is time to make a new beginning by lifting the embargos, and engaging with Cuba through public diplomacy, communication and international aid. The atrocities of the Second World War were great lessons for humanity about the devastating effect of the use of arms. Specially, the development of atomic bombs, and the possession of mutually assured self-destruction nuclear weapons by the United States and the former Soviet Union renders the use of arms unattractive method of coercion. In addition to this the increased interdependence and interconnectedness of the world in different dimensio... ... middle of paper ... ... 18 April 2014. Herrera, Remy.
Yet above all things it caused the nations to realise their capabilities and become more aware of the consequences their Cold War could have on society not only at the present time, but for years to come. Since the Cuban Revolution of 1959 led by Fidel Castro, tension between the United States and Cuba had been rising. America's dominance in Cuban economic affairs was stemmed as Castro seized foreign owned properties and businesses. Castro saw his own actions as an attempt to establish 'a socialist and democratic revolution of the poor, by the poor and for the poor.' Fearing a communist regime so close to its borders, the United States reaffirmed its total opposition to such a government and launched both a trade embargo and an invasion in an attempt to overturn the Castro government.
Summarize a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during the president’s time in office. During President John F Kennedy’s term in office, there was the Cuban missile crisis. This occurred in 1962 and had America not decided on the course of actions that it took, the possibility of there being World War three would have become reality. At this time in history there was an arm’s race between the Soviet Union and America, neither wanting to be the underdog. Fidel Castro, the Prime minister of Cuba at that time (later to become President) asked for assistance from the Soviet Union to help shield it from possible American invasion.
It was certain though; by placing missiles on Cuba that Khrushchev would have the upper hand in negotiations relating to the cold war. Also Khrushchev claimed that ‘the missiles were placed merely to deter the Americans from invading Cuba’. (Timewatch Missile - Crisis) Khrushchev’s decision to put Soviet missiles in Cuba was very important and crucial to America. Cuba was only 90 miles away from the USA, and the Americans did not like the idea of a pro communist state in its ‘sphere of influence’ (Gcse modern world history). More than military advantage for the Soviets who had missiles elsewhere which could... ... middle of paper ... ...et, Jeremy.
October of 1962 is considered by many the closest the world has ever been to a third World War. As pressure between the Soviet Union and United State grew so did the fears of the American people. Due in part because of its proximity to the United States, Cuba was the perfect place from which the Soviet Union could launch an attack. This was cause for real alarm, Cuba had already begun building silos and launch pads for nuclear missiles that would be able to do massive amounts of damage to the United States. John F. Kennedy’s speech regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the greatest factors in preventing a third World War as well as keeping domestic peace.