Books and speeches about Pearl Harbor and speeches of the Presidents will be provided to answer the investigation. Summary of Evidence At the end of the war in 1944, the U.S. was noticing that they must do something to truly finalize the war against Japan. They recognized that Japan was not as strong as they were and surrendering was just not an option for them because they always had that type of motto that they stood by being a tough nation. Although the U.S. also recognized that things were not looking good for themselves as well. The U.S. knowing in what position they were in and not truly having any strong thought to it, still decided to drop the atomic bombs.
However, the United States of America were very set on the idea of unconditional surrender, so as to prevent a future rise back to power, similar to what Germany did after World War I. Japan, upon realizing they would suffer defeat, came to the conclusion that "the only course left is for Japan's one hundred million people to sacrifice their lives by charging the enemy to make them lose their will to fight” (Walker, 1964). Due to the difficulty in making the nation of Japan surrender, the atom bomb was certainly the fastest and most efficient method of forcing surrender.
Truman was justified to drop the Atomic bombs because of the situation at hand, but it is arguable because he had several alternatives. Right after America declared war on Japan, Germany had also declared war on the United States. Thereby, causing a dilemma for the United States nation as a whole. If the US didn't finish the war with Japan quickly they would have trouble backing up the allied powers. However, Truman could have found another way to defeat Japan with a less violent tactic.
What would have happened had the A-bomb not been used? The most obvious answer is that he war would have continued. U.S. forces therefore would have had to invade the home island of Japan. It is hard to imagine the number of additional casualties we would have incurred had a Japanese land war been necessary. Also, our forces would not only have to fend off the Japanese military, but they would also be defending themselves against the civilian peoples of Japan as well.
Did the atomic bomb have to be used in World War II on Japan? There were multiple reasons why the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary. One of which is to reduce the chance of Allied casualties if the war continued. Another reason was to prohibit the possibility that an Axis country such as Nazi Germany, could create an atomic weapon. A third reason or is whether or not the use of atomic weapons on innocent people was worth the media backlash.
Overall, the atomic bombs should have been dropped as it ultimately convinced Japan to surrender and had the potential to save millions of lives, through the killing of thousands. The causalities ultimately made the U.S more powerful over Japan, which in my opinion is a positive scenario and the Japanese most importantly were offered a chance of surrendering earlier or not getting involved in the war, which would have saved themselves from those casualties.
In addition, post atomic bomb repercussions that occurred, such as the Arms Race, were far too great a price to pay for the two atomic drops. However, possibly the most compelling argument is that Japan would have surrendered with or without the United States using the atomic bomb. In defiance of top... ... middle of paper ... ... Conference.” Reader’s Companion to American History. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991. Online.
The U.S. used the atomic bomb because it was the only way Japan would surrender, the world wanted to end the war as soon as possible with as little casualties as possible, and because of resentful feelings toward Japan. Japan often fought until the last man standing… the atomic bomb was the only thing that would force them to surrender. “Japanese were scornful of men who surrendered, and killed many of the sick or wounded along the way” (Collier, 69). This makes one ask themselves how the emperor could surrender if their troops were trained to kill off weaklings. Japanese leaders appeared determined to fight to their deaths.
THE WHITE HOUSE, Franklin D. Roosevelt, February 19, 1942. Works Cited Davis, Daniel S. Behind Barbed Wire. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton, Inc., 1982. Girdner and Loftis, The Great Betrayal, 148. Irons, Peter, ed., Justice Delayed: The Record of the Japanese American Internment Cases.
Similar to King’s tendencies, Marshall invested all of his vision into his area of expertise that was ground forces and little of his vision of attack through the air. Marshall believed that if he attacked the small chain of islands throughout Japan he would force the Japanese people to retreat and eventually surrender because o... ... middle of paper ... ...eaders felt the need to use the bombs because the country had invested so much time and money into the development of the bombs and not knowing when the next war America would be in Japan was the only country that we could actually put the bombs to use on. Works Cited Frank, Richard B. "Ending the Pacific War: History and Fantasy." Introduction.