The Natural Hazards Of Hurricanes

1006 Words5 Pages
Hurricanes are among the most powerful natural hazards known to the humankind. During a hurricane, residential, commercial and public buildings, as well as critical infrastructure such as transportation, water, energy and communication systems may be damaged or destroyed by several of the impacts associated with hurricanes. Wind and water are the twin perils associated with hurricanes and both can be tremendously destructive and deadly.1 Natural disasters such as Hurricanes can cause severe damage to the cities in which they occur. There can be loss of life if evacuations are not carried out at the proper time. There is also a risk of losing lives in the situation of inadequate food or water supplies. The toxic chemicals from damaged factories and plants can prove to be hazardous to human life, animal life, and the environment. Damage to the infrastructure can further delay help and rescue operations. Events like these give us a clear picture of future damages if the government, cities and the people aren’t prepared before the disaster strikes. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature which focuses on the lessons learned from the past hurricanes and the preparedness of the cities for future hurricanes. It will be focused on evacuations, effects on public health and effects on the environment. Provided below is first a definition of “sustainable community development” which is followed by an overview of the sustainable community development movement and an examination of the lessons learned from the past hurricanes and preparedness for future hurricanes. The term, sustainable development, was popularized in Our Common Future, a report published by the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987. Al... ... middle of paper ... ...portant gains were made in decreasing the unconcerned disposal of hazardous wastes and toxic chemicals.4 In addition to policies already directed at specific pollutants, enactment of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, with its broad directive for complete assessment of the impact and participation of the public in environmental policy decisions, urged important modifications across federal and state governments. Safeguarding of the country’s natural resources was significantly advanced in this era through new policies and federal orders for safeguarding the biological diversity and for the stewardship of community lands through what in the future would come to be known as ecosystem management. “These include the Endangered Species Act (1973), the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (1976), and the National Forest Management Act (1976), among others.” 4
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