The National Incident Management System: The Department Of Homeland Security

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The Department of Homeland Security realized the role of preparing for the occurrence of emergencies after the 9/11 attack and the attack on the Pentagon. This realization was influenced by the fact that the department viewed it important to prepare individuals, government agencies and other stakeholders on the appropriate procedures that should influence the response given to emergencies that might occur in future (Sylves, 2007). Disaster preparedness has been a major area of concern for the department, especially pursuant to modern developments such as technologically aided terrorism. The NIMS (National Incident Management System) and ICS (Incident Command System) are examples of the structures developed by the government to govern responses to cases of emergences in the United States. This paper presents a…show more content…
The model outlines the chain of command between multi-level government agencies, and the private sector (mostly non-government disaster organizations), which enhances harmony regarding response strategies. Therefore, ICS recognizes the possibility of a clash of interests and procedures if different government agencies, as well as different levels of government carry out disaster response in the United States. It then follows that both the ICS and NIMS provide a national strategy framework for the response to disasters in the United States by harmonizing the procedures, and outlining the responsibilities and limits of all the parties or stakeholders involved (Buck et al., 2006). The Department of Homeland Security developed the models as a tool of enhancing the efficiency of disaster response, especially going by the diverse nature of the multi-level organizations involved (Sylves, 2007). The two models have been adopted by different organizations, which is an indication of their role in enhancing effective disaster
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