Family Influence can cause obesity in children by not eating healthy. If a parent themselves are obese or if the genes run in the family than most likely the child will be as well. ‘Fat cells are not the only obesity related story out there today; Scientist found a common genetic variant that increases the risk of obesity in its carriers. Melanocortin-4 receptor or MC4F is involved in controlling appetite and metabolism. 81% of people carry at least one risky variant of either FTO or MC4R’ (Loos).
Choosing a typical fast food meal everyday can lead to increased calories, which leads to health issues. The estimated annual medical cost of obe... ... middle of paper ... ...ters, . "Al Jazeera America." Who: governments should regulate fast food toslow obesity epidemic. Al Jazeera America , 2 2 2014.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, obesity is becoming a national epidemic, with the Center for Disease Control, noting that around 15% of children and adolescents are now overweight. In the last forty years, the percentage of Americans who are overweight has doubled, meaning that an abundance of people have been affected negatively by these following health issues: diabetes, sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease and joint problems (1). Diabetes is a drastic effect of obesity. Statistically, overweight people are twice as likely to develop type II diabetes as people who are not overweight. Metabolic Syndrome is the name given to a group of risk factors that raise the risk for both diabetes and stroke.
People are considered to be overweight if their body-mass index (BMI) is between 25 and 29.9 and obese if their BMI is higher than 30 (Reinberg). In the past, obesity was typically only an issue in high-income areas; however, it is now one of the fastest growing health issues in America. According to the Center for Disease Control, 27 percent of American adults are considered obese, 37 percent overweight, and 18 percent of children are affected by obesity (Serrano). These percents show trends in obesity starting in children and leading into adulthood. Obese children are more likely to become obese adults and develop health problems.
The American diet today is a far cry from what it was just 40 years ago. Americans eating habits have completely taken a turn for the worst; Americans are consuming 570 calories more a day, that is 20 percent more than in the 70’s (“ABC news”). The calorie consumption of the U.S. is not only the highest in the world, but it is also a third higher than the global average (“Fas.usda.gov”). This is very disturbing information and it seems as though America is going to continue to stay at the top. Todays American diet causes a multitude of problems for Americans, many of which cost us billions and billions of dollars every year.
Fast food nation: The dark side of the all-American meal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Obesity Epidemic. (2010). In Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voices.
Eating practices that children are taught or learn during childhood affects a person later in their life whether they know or not. Multiple studies have confirmed that childhood obesity in the U.S has been on a rise for years. One out of three children in the U.S are obese, most of them face a higher risk of having medical, social and academic problems. Childhood obesity also leads to many health problems among young people. Those problems include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and many more others.
Around the world, over one billion adults and more than 10% of children are considered to obese. As the World Health Organization predicts, the number of obese children will increase to 700 million and nearly 2.3 billion adults by 2015. In addition, childhood obesity is correlated with a higher probability of becoming obese adults, premature death, and disability (Kaltra, De Sousa, Sonavane, & Shah, 2013). Many researchers believe that racial composition of communities associated with obesity and that obesity has a big impact on various subgroups in the United States. In a study, the researchers compared the mean body mass index values among the popular races.
There are many issues facing Americans today, but I believe that the most pressing issue is obesity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of overweight American children and teens has more than doubled in the past decade (Ward-Smith). Two-thirds of the adults are either overweight or obese, and at least 300,000 Americans die each year from obesity related diseases (“America’s Obesity Crisis”). Type II diabetes is already reaching epidemic proportions among our youth, and we will soon have the first generation of Americans who are less healthy than their parents (Davis 2). Obesity has been officially recognized as a disease by the American Medical Association.
With over one third of our adult population at risk for these diseases, obesity is an issue of tremendous importance. There are many areas of cause for obesity in today’s society. Technology has provided decreased necessity for physically demanding jobs along with increased need for sedentary jobs. Additionally technology provided access to more sedentary past times such as watching television or... ... middle of paper ... ...elter uncertainties. More people are being negatively impacted by rising costs of healthy foods, falling costs of high caloric foods, and by physiological reactions to mental stresses brought on by poverty.