[Online]. November 9, 1999. Available: http://pages.prodigy.com/DC/vortex/prag.html 12. )Stewart, Steven D.. "The Death Penalty: A Message from the Procecuting Attorny." Office of the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney [Online].
President Dwight Eisenhower conditionally pledged to support South Vietnam’s new nation in 1955. In the time period between 1955-1961 the United States pumped seven billion dollars in aid so that Vietnam would not “go over quickly” like a “row of dominoes” (McNamara 31). In the next 6 years Vietnam would cost America billions of dollars, thousands of lives, and the disaffection of much of the United States public. Yet in the end, South Vietnam would fall to the North less than 2 years after the United States military involvement ceased. From the year 1955 when the United States vowed to help support the South Vietnamese fight off the Northern communist, a total of about 60,000 soldiers dead and 300,000 wounded.
Cambodia is a country in Southeast Asia that is less than half the size of California. It achieved independence from France in 1953. During the Vietnam War, the Prime Minister adopted neutrality, however, he was kicked out in a coup by his own general Lon Nol. Lon Nol was overthrown by Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge in 1975. In 1975, there was a genocide in Cambodia, led by Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge, that shook the country of 7.1 million, leading to over 1 million deaths.
[online] Available http://www.salon.com/news/1998/03/13news.html. February 29, 2000. Refuse and Resist. Who is Mumia Abu-Jamal. [online] Available http://mojo.calyx.net~refuse/mumia/051697brochure.html.
The goal of the air bombings were to weaken the Northern Vietnamese infrastructure. Bombs were dropped on military bases, supply depots, and infiltration routes (Anderson). Each year after the start of ROLLING THUNDER, the number of bombs dropped each year until 1967 when the number of bombs dropped was close to a quarter of a million (Anderson). Since, the bombings were bad enough that it forced the NVA to rethink there strategy for fighting the war (Bringham). This was seen by a sneak attack that caught all of America off
Desperately the South Vietnamese fought, making a last stand in an attempt to block them. 2 weeks later though, they surrendered, and the same day, President Thieu of South Vietnam resigned. By the end of the month, the army had failed, and Saigon was surrounded. The residents of South Vietnam scrambled to get out. As a result, the Americans initiated Operation Frequent wind, which possibly was the largest helicopter evacuation in history.
A massive loss of life for the creation of a demilitarized zone at the 38 Parallel came at too great a cost. And nearly three years after Korea in 1956, when the French were pulling out of Vietnam the United States began training South Vietnamese troops to fight the North. Over the next eight years Vietnam sim... ... middle of paper ... ...given a Presidential pardon by his successor, Gerald Ford. In 1973, the peace talks with the Vietnamese would finally reach a cease fire, and the US military would finally pull out of Vietnam. A year later, the North Vietnamese had reneged on the peace treaty and invaded South Vietnam and by 1976 had unified Vietnam as one Communist state.