The Muslim Majority State of Pakistan

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INTRODUCTION The Muslim majority state of Pakistan was created in 1947 when the Indian sub-continent was divided. Since then, Pakistan has been plagued with domestic political hostility and regional conflicts. Originally, Pakistan was divided into two parts (east and west) to appease the complaints of Indian Muslims. The eastern part is present day Bangladesh, while the western part is the present day Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Human Rights Watch 2014). Over the past few decades, Pakistan has faced much corruption and inefficiency. Military dominance and civilian rule has been constantly alternating political rule. The present political situation in Pakistan was brought about by parliamentary elections in 2013 that lead to the reinstatement of the Muslim League into power (Human Rights Watch 2014). Pakistan’s position in the global environment, it is known as an ally of the United States. After the attack on 9/11, Pakistan denounced its previous support of the Taliban regime and became a key player in the fight against terrorism. However, despite Pakistan’s efforts to maintain control over the Taliban-linked militants along their borders, the growing hostility has caused constant turmoil within the country. The Sunni extremists have been launching attacks against minority groups in Pakistan. Since 2009, Pakistan’s government has waged war against these militants in effort to flush them and their influence out of the country (BBCnews.com 2014). The country’s current environment has left the country in a very fragile state. The June 2013 elections that reinstated the Muslim League party lead by current Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif were tarnished by bombings and a killing campaign lead by the Taliban in effort to silence the Paki... ... middle of paper ... ...1656.html (April 4, 2014) Ashraf, Zaka. 2014. “1000 Christian, Hindu girls forced to convert to Islam every year in Pakistan.” April 2014. http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2014/04/08/epaper/8th-april-2014/ (April 6, 2014) Rashid, Qasim. 2011. “Pakistan's Failed Commitment: How Pakistan's Institutionalized Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Violates the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.” September 2011. http://rjglb.richmond.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/qasim_rgl_11-1.pdf (April 3, 2014) Amnesty.org. 2014. “Annual Report 2013: Pakistan.” https://www.amnesty.org/en/region/pakistan/report-2013 (accessed April 2, 2014) Humanrights.asia. 2010. “PAKISTAN: The electoral process is self-contradictory and denies the Ahmadi minority its right to vote.” http://www.humanrights.asia/news/ahrc-news/AHRC-STM-050-2010. (accessed April 5, 2013)

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