The Muslim Brotherhood Beginnings

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Al-ʾIkḫwān al-Muslimūn or the Muslim Brotherhood is an organization that strives for an Islamic world. Since its beginnings, members have become involved in politics and in their communities, but their methods have been constantly questioned. Their influence has become worldwide with groups in several countries across the world ,and it is in Egypt where the organization began. Beginnings in Egypt The Muslim Brotherhood began in March 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, an egyptian teacher, after seven of his friends agreed that al-Bana should lead them in better serving Allah. After their request, he accepted, and he along with Hafiz Abdul Hamid, Ahmad Al Hasri, Fowad Ibrahim, Abdur Rehman, Hasabullah, Ismail Izz, and Zaki Al Maghribi swore their allegiance to Al Ikwanul Muslemoon(The Muslim Brotherhood) becoming the first members. Jihad would also become their means to spread Islam(Rinehart 2009: 966). The Brotherhood’s mission was to restore the Islamic Caliphate which was destroyed in 1924 by Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Their motto, “Allah is our objective. The Prophet is our leader. The Koran is our law. Jihad is our way. Dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope,” is still in use today, and the group wants to spread Islam worldwide(Lebl 2013: 109). Al-Bana wanted people to come back to the faith(da’wah) and urged they had an overall renewal(Frampton 2013: 832). Soon after, al-Bana gained a reputation as an iman which he later encouraged his followers to call him by. He told stories of when Allah saved him from his troubles and demanded that he be called a murshid(teacher of spirituality). Al-Bana was a very gifted speaker, so gaining members and their obedience was not problem. He had a story for each person that w... ... middle of paper ... ...6. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6 Mar. 2014. Ghanem, As'ad, and Mohanad Mustafa. "Strategies Of Electoral Participation By Islamic Movements: The Muslim Brotherhood And Parliamentary Elections In Egypt And Jordan, November 2010." Contemporary Politics 17.4 (2011): 393-409. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. Gumuchian, Marie-Louise, and Elaine Ly(Journalists). "British Prime Minister Orders Investigation of Muslim Brotherhood." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Apr. 2014. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. Lebl, Leslie S. "The EU, The Muslim Brotherhood And The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation." Orbis 57.1 (2013): 101-119. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. Rinehart, Christine Sixta. "Volatile Breeding Grounds: The Radicalization Of The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood." Studies In Conflict & Terrorism 32.11 (2009): 953-988. Academic Search Complete. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.

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