The Moral Questions

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Moral obligations to one another should be simple and straight forward. However, issues such as abortion, gay marriage rights, healthcare for all, affirmative action and other social issues (questions) in general are debated back and forth between intellects like ping pong ball in a table tennis game. As it turns out it is not easy. In a pluralistic society like that of the United States, deciding what is moral can potentially go in two-hundred million different directions. So how are the moral questions decided? The answer is Rawlsian- style government representation. The first question then becomes how much government do we want involved in our lives, deciding how we live? The second question is which body, the states (more libertarian in its ideal) or the Federal (I believe more supportive of Rawlsian principles in its model) do we want to step in on moral questions such as same-sex marriage and abortion? The final question is how do we decide what morality is in terms of these issues? When it comes to equality and justice on social issues, I argue for more government presence in establishing laws for these purposes, that it is the Federal government rather than the state governments and the morality be decided and rooted in the Rawlsian “veil of ignorance” theory.
In order to address the first question, we must ask how much is too much government? Some want total autonomy and prefer government stay out of private decisions like Libertarians. Others, such as legal egalitarians want government to be involved. When it comes to regulate our private decisions, how far should government go? It is important that all backgrounds have a voice. All voices have different views, therefore, there needs to be one voice to s...

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...peoples based on the veil of ignorance, rather than the state governments.
The key to the meaning behind the Rawls’ social contract is to think about the potential harm that could be incurred on a person. This is the caveat in what is moral: that all decisions are based behind the “veil of ignorance.” The federal government should be more involved than states when it comes to social issues like same-sex marriage and abortion rights because they are more effective in reasoning and bargaining for the collective population from this ‘veil’ and its meaning rather than the states. What is ethical is not only based in equality, but in its justice for the people. To do decide based on other principles is not democratic or fair or just. Rawls would agree.

Works Cited:
Sandel, M. J. (2009). Justice: What's the right thing to do? New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

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