In Early 1950’s, blacks did not have civil rights, so they had to fight for their freedom. In 1955, blacks decided to rally together for social justice and planned a boycott. This boycott became known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This boycott was pivotal in the Civil Right Movement by energizing blacks, particularly in the South, to become more involved in politics. This occurred with the help of Claudette Colvin, Rosa Parks, President Nixon, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and especially with the influence of Rev.
They would have been able to vote, marry interracially, work where they wanted, and get an education. If black codes were never a thing, they wouldn’t have had to worry about the segregation they went through, which still effects many people’s mindsets today. Some of the black codes were still unlawfully enforced for decades after they were made illegal. Some people might not be as racist and have a different mindset then they do now. The segregation that the black codes caused causes people to be more sensitive towards racial inequality because of the segregation the black codes caused.
To what extend were Rosa Parks’ actions that sparked the Montgomery bus boycott motivated by a desire to use an act of public civil disobedience to effect political change regarding segregation laws in the South? Table of Contents A. Plan of Investigation 3 B. Summary of Evidence 3-5 C. Evaluation of Sources 5 D. Analysis 5-6 E. Conclusion 6-7 F. Works Cited 7 A. Plan of Investigation In 1955 a black Rosa Parks infamously refused to move seats to the back of the bus in favor of a white passenger in a bold statement of civil disobedience that is widely regarded as the start of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
'; Although King’s views were continuously challenged by blacks who had lost faith in nonviolence, his belief in the power of nonviolence protest remained strong. The boycott lasted for 381 days. It eventually took the United States Supreme Court to end the boycott. On November 13,1956 the court declared that Alabama’s state and local laws requiring segregation on buses were illegal. King believed that the boycott proved that “There is a new Negro in the south with a sense of dignity and destiny.
African Americans had been regarded as property for centuries prior to the Civil Rights Movement, and that mindset had to be changed for the creation of new laws or abolition of old laws to have any ... ... middle of paper ... ...ment proves their arrogance remains, it is clear that their confidence is waning. Just like the rebels, the boycott of Montgomery’s buses was changing the mindsets of whites in America. The Montgomery Bus Boycott can be viewed as a symbol of the Civil Rights Movement as a whole, as neither one’s success was due solely to the work of the political system; a transformation in the consciousness of America was the most impactful success of both. Passionate racism ran in the veins of 1950s America, primarily in the south, and no integration law would influence the widespread belief that African Americans were the same level of human as Caucasians. The abolition of racism as a political norm had to start with a unanimous belief among blacks that they had power as American citizens; once they believed that to be true, there was no limit to the successes they could see.
The 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott may be sometimes characterized as furious African Americans who wanted equal rights to whites. Blacks began to get tired of the treatment they had been receiving throughout the years. The laws stated that blacks should never sit to the front of the bus and if whites wanted to sit, then the blacks should move to the back. African Americans of Montgomery, Alabama were tired of segregation and being mistreated and they wanted to do something about it. The Montgomery Bus Boycott is still known to be an important civil rights movement in history, and it came about by the arrest of Rosa Parks, the organization of boycotts by Martin Luther King Jr, and the organization of a protest.
In order for them to achieve this, the white southerners came up with the Jim Crow laws to prevent the African Americans from achieving their god given right of being free and equal. This did not end the African hope of becoming equal. After many years of mistreatment, African Americans knew that change in society was necessary. The members of the black population have been enslaved, beaten, abused, neglected and just taken advantage of, since the end of the civil war, even into present times, African Americans have struggled for equality and rights that white Americans often take for granted. Arguably, no post-war struggle was larger or more significant than the movement to eliminate the Jim Crow laws from existence in the South.
And although segregation was outlawed, Jim Crow laws still ruled the Deep South and “codified in law, sanctioned by the courts, and enforced by the ubiquitous threat of physical violence even more than legal reprisal" (Catsam 87). The Jim Crow laws drastically affected the public transportation systems of the South. The Congress of Racial Equality challenged the unfair laws with Freedom Rides, which "arose out of the need to end segregation at lunch counters, in bus terminals, as well as in other facilities essential to the intercity traveler" (Olds 17-18). The first freedom ride commenced in Washington, DC, in 1961.Because the first Freedom Riders were from the North, they didn't realize how harsh the racist South was and “violence in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama, would prove to be too much for the first group of freedom riders, who ended up flying from Birmingham to New Orleans. .
He maintained a balance of militancy and moderation. King inspired people to be angry about what was going on and at the same time inspired them to maintain their composure and be responsible. The goal of the bus boycott in Montgomery was to get the city to hire black bus drivers. Blacks all over Montgomery stopped using the public buses. In order to help the people that were boycotting to get to work, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) organized a car pool.
Many white Southerners were not in favor of the 13th Amendment so many Southern states enforced Black Codes, which basically returned blacks to slavery without calling it slavery. In the Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the decision was made to legally allow whites to have a separate life away from the blacks. Because of this decision, whites were expected to act superior to blacks. They continued to control the blacks even though blacks were considered free. Whites were also given special benefits called “white privileges” that blacks did .not receive.