The Missouri Compromise Was A Law

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The Missouri Compromise was a law passed in 1820 to allow Missouri, a slave owning state, and Maine, a free state, to become a part of the United States. This law had prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory, with Missouri as an exception. This law was deemed necessary by the North in order to preserve the unstable balance between the Free and Slave states. Though this does not seem like it would affect history that much, aside from adding to the land of the U.S., this law, or rather the repeal of this law, would only cause the North and South to drift further apart causing a feud that would eventually lead up to the Civil War. In 1817, the Territory of Missouri applied for statehood, which was considered by Congress in 1819. However, because it was a slave owning territory, Missouri wanted to go into the United States as a Slave-owning state. This caused some concerns in the North, they thought that they would be at a disadvantage because the slave states would have a one-vote margin over the non-slave states and would expand slavery into the rest of the land acquired by the Louisiana Purchase. To solve this, Congressman Tallmadge proposed an anti-slavery amendment to the legislation on February 13, 1819. This amendment would forbid anymore slaves from entering into Missouri or any more of the land of the Louisiana Purchase and any slaves born in that area would be freed by the age twenty-five. This had caused an uproar in the South. The passing of this amendment would mean the eventual end of slavery in Missouri due to the discouragement of slave owners bringing their slaves to that state, this would cause Missouri’s economy to fail due to their slaves representing a third of their population . The South feared ... ... middle of paper ... ... the sophistication of the laws like the Missouri Compromise. This caused the North and South to drift further apart in terms of morals and ideals. Both the Southerners and Northerners saw the other’s advances towards the new territory as the other trying to gain the upper hand which fueled the need for the new land even more. While the Northerners fought against the Southerners for moral reasons and to gain the upper hand, the Southerners fought to keep what was essentially their economy. Roughly one-third of the Southerners property had been invested in slaves. If the slaves were suddenly freed, it would cost slaveholders one hundred thousand dollars or more in debt. This would not only put the South in a financial crisis, it would put the North at a big advantage, seeing as how they gain most of their profit from their factories and their free labor system.
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